Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
+
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building|build Octave from source]].
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
+
== Arch Linux ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 +
 
 +
pacman -S octave
 +
 
 +
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
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apt install octave
 +
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
 +
 
 +
== Fedora ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
  apt-get install octave
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  dnf install octave
 +
dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
+
== Gentoo ==
  
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:  
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
 +
 
 +
== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
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  zypper install octave
 +
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
=Fedora=
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
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yum install epel-release
 +
yum install octave
 +
yum install octave-devel  # development files
 +
 
 +
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
 +
 
 +
== Slackware ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
 +
 
 +
= Distribution independent =
 +
 
 +
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
 +
 
 +
== Anaconda ==
  
*octave
+
* More info: https://anaconda.org/conda-forge/octave
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
+
  conda create --name octave
 +
  conda activate octave
 +
  conda install -c conda-forge octave
  
    # yum install octave-forge
+
== Docker / Podman / Singularity ==
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
+
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/gnuoctave/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/gnu-octave/docker
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
+
docker pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
 +
podman pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
+
singularity pull docker://gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
  
=Gentoo=
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=== mtmiller's version ===
  
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
+
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
    # emerge --sync
+
docker pull docker.io/mtmiller/octave
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 
and emerge Octave
 
    # emerge octave
 
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
 
  
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
+
== Flatpak ==
pkg -forge list
 
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 
pkg install -forge general
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
+
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
+
flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
+
== Guix ==
  
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
+
* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/en/packages/octave-6.2.0/
  
    yum install epel-release
+
guix install octave
    yum install octave
 
  
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
+
== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
+
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
+
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
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* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
+
brew install octave
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
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== MXE ==
  
=Red Hat=
+
* More info: [[MXE]]
 +
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
+
== Snap ==
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
+
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
+
snap install octave
  
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
+
If you want to use a nightly snapshot build of the development branch of Octave, install from the ''edge'' channel
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
+
snap install --edge octave
  
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
+
== Spack ==
  
zypper in octave
+
* More info: https://spack.readthedocs.io/
 +
* Development: https://github.com/spack/spack/blob/develop/var/spack/repos/builtin/packages/octave/package.py
  
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
+
spack install octave
  
=Arch Linux=
+
= Building from source =
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
+
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
+
== See also ==
  
    # pacman -S octave
+
* [[Octave for other Unix systems]]
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Latest revision as of 02:05, 29 April 2022

Distributions[edit]

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or build Octave from source.

Arch Linux[edit]

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)[edit]

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo[edit]

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise[edit]

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware[edit]

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent[edit]

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Anaconda[edit]

 conda create --name octave
 conda activate octave
 conda install -c conda-forge octave

Docker / Podman / Singularity[edit]

docker pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:7.2.0
podman pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:7.2.0
singularity pull docker://gnuoctave/octave:7.2.0

mtmiller's version[edit]

docker pull docker.io/mtmiller/octave

Flatpak[edit]

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix[edit]

guix install octave

Homebrew on Linux[edit]

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE[edit]

Snap[edit]

snap install octave

If you want to use a nightly snapshot build of the development branch of Octave, install from the edge channel

snap install --edge octave

Spack[edit]

spack install octave

Building from source[edit]

Main article: Building

See also[edit]