Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems  
 
The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems  
 
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
Here is a list of the latest Octave version available in some Linux distributions
 
 
* Debian Mint 13, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* Zenwalk GNU Linux, Snapshot Version, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* Fedora 17, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* openSUSE 11.4 and 12.1, has Octave 3.6.2 (Science repository) as of June 28 2012
 
  
 
More detailed instructions follow.
 
More detailed instructions follow.
  
=Debian=
+
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
For building from source, see the [[Debian]] instructions.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
Determine what packages are currently available, using e.g.
+
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
  
    $ aptitude search octave
+
apt-get install octave
  
As of 2008/05, the command above should list, amongst others:
+
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
    octave3.0 - GNU Octave language for numerical computations (3.0 branch)
+
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
    octave3.0-doc - PDF documentation on the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-emacsen - Emacs support for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-headers - header files for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
  
In July, 2012, with that time current stable (Squeeze), you get above mentioned in 3.2 version, so replace names of the packages appropriately in the following commands.
+
aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
  
Select your choice of packages, then install them, e.g. w/
+
=Fedora=
  
    # aptitude install octave3.0 octave3.0-doc octave3.0-emacsen
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
==Notes:==
+
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
  
*For brevity, the numerous other Debian packages have been omitted in the above list.
+
*octave
*At a minimum, one should install one of the packages returned by the command:
+
*octave-devel
  
    $ aptitude search ?provides\(^octave$\)
+
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
  
*The OctaveForge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All OctaveForge packages will probably be found with the command:
+
    # dnf install octave
  
    $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
+
=Gentoo=
  
==[http://wiki.octave.org/wiki.pl?action=anchor&id=DebianDevelopmentSources#DebianDevelopmentSources Debian Development Sources]==
+
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  
In order to build Octave from development sources, the first step is to follow the instructions given under the heading Development Sources of [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/download.html Downloading Octave]. These commands require Mercurial, which can be installed with the command
+
    # emerge --sync
 +
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 +
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 +
and emerge Octave
 +
    # emerge octave
 +
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
    # aptitude install mercurial
+
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
 +
pkg -forge list
 +
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 +
pkg install -forge general
  
Building Octave from sources requires a number of programs and libraries. All of these are available as Debian packages and the list given on [Debian's source package page for Octave3.2] can be used for reference and installed by
+
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
  
# aptitude build-dep octave3.2
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
After this, it should be possible to follow the [[Build from source]] instructions.
+
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 
 
==Debian Versions==
 
 
 
Note that on Debian, multiple versions of Octave are provided concurrently and thus, Octave packages have names that include the version number, such as, for example: octave2.1-emacsen, octave3.0-emacsen, octave3.2-emacsen. This may change with Octave 3.4.
 
  
References: [https://mailman.cae.wisc.edu/pipermail/help-octave/2009-November/037394.html Upgrade Ubuntu Jaunty to Karmic (9.04 to 9.10) breaks self-compiled octave]([http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.gnu.octave.general/27056/focus=27080 Gmane copy]), [http://lists.alioth.debian.org/pipermail/pkg-octave-devel/2011-February/007699.html Octave 3.4]
+
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
  
=Ubuntu=
+
    yum install epel-release
For building from source, see the [[Debian]] instructions.
+
    yum install octave
  
 
+
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
=== Unofficial binaries ===
 
 
 
=Fedora=
 
Early versions of Fedora included Octave in the core distribution. Since Fedora Core 3, Octave has been included in Fedora Extras (and is generally better maintained now in Extras than it was in Core). The packages can be installed using the yum command, which will automatically download and install the packages along with all of their dependencies.
 
 
 
The related packages are:
 
*octave
 
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
 
 
octave-forge is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave and octave-forge can be installed with the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge
 
 
 
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
 
 
 
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
 
 
 
=Gentoo=
 
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage. To install Octave:
 
 
 
    # emerge sync
 
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
 
 
=Red Hat Enterprise=
 
 
 
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 
  
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
Line 103: Line 67:
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
+
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  
=RedHat=
+
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
  
Octave is included with RedHat. If you are still using an old version of RedHat and want a newer version of octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as RedHat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. RedHat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
+
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
+
zypper in octave
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
 
  
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
+
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
  
For example for openSUSE 12.2 you would do
+
=Arch Linux=
 
 
    # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
 
    # zypper refresh
 
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
 
 
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
 
 
 
2012-08-21: arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0 bindings which were broken before are again functional, if you have a previous version of the rpm's installed consider to update them.
 
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
  
=Arch Linux=
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
Line 134: Line 87:
 
     # pacman -S octave
 
     # pacman -S octave
  
[[Category:GNULinux]]
+
[[Category:Installation]]
 
+
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
----
 

Revision as of 15:52, 8 June 2017

The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution package installation system.

More detailed instructions follow.

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems

Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:

apt-get install octave

For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the Debian specific instructions page.

There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named octave<pkgname>, e.g, octave-image and octave-statistics for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:

aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:

  • octave
  • octave-devel

octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave can be installed with the command:

   # dnf install octave

Gentoo

Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:

   # emerge --sync

Add USE flag 'curl' into your /etc/portage/package.use file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching

sci-mathematics/octave curl

and emerge Octave

   # emerge octave

Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages octave-forge or g-octave are no more needed.

Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type

pkg -forge list

and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with

pkg install -forge general

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the EPEL repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

Method 1 - the quick way:

   yum install epel-release
   yum install octave

Method 2 - if the above does not work:

First, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

   # wget http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
   # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the instructions for Fedora to install Octave using yum.

Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the maintainers mailing list for more information.

SUSE Linux and openSUSE

Main article: Octave for openSUSE

Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:

zypper in octave

Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see openSUSE specific wiki page.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux

Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:

   # pacman -S octave