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Octave for Debian systems

1,721 bytes added, 05:28, 15 November 2019
→‎Configuration: sundials 3.1
For * ''This article addresses the [[:Category:Installation|installation]] and [[Building]] of GNU Octave on Debian, and Debian -based distributions such as Ubuntu, specific solutions. ''
== PreBinary packages for GNU Octave and many [[Octave Forge]] packages are provided by all versions of Debian and Ubuntu. These are the most well-compiled tested binaries ==available and should work best for most users. To install them, run:
=== Distribution repositories === Binary packages for Octave and many Octave sudo apt-Forge packages are provided by all versions of Debian and Ubuntu. These are the most well-tested binaries available and should work best for most users.get install octave
sudo apt-get In Debian and Ubuntu the "complete" GNU Octave software is split over multiple packages. To obtain the complete features of Octave, install octaveadditionally
Aside the {{codeline|octave}} package that installs GNU Octave, other pieces of it are split over multiple packages. These are * {{codeline|octave-doc}}, {{codeline|octave-info}}, and {{codeline|octave-htmldoc}} for the documentation, ;* {{codeline|liboctave-dev}} for the octave development library header files and mkoctfile (required to install some Octave Forge packages, ); and * {{codeline|octave-dbg}} for the debugging symbols.
For Many Octave packages are also distributed by Debian stable users, there may also be newer packages available in backports, so don't forget and Ubuntu. These are tested to check therework the best with the respective Octave version. Install them via:
=== Octave's Personal Package Archive (PPA) === sudo apt-get install octave-control octave-image octave-io octave-optim octave-signal octave-statistics
HoweverUp to 2018, for some Ubuntu releases the octave packages are old (Debian Squeeze and Ubuntu 12.04 or older only have Octave version 3.2). The [https://launchpad.net/~octave GNU Octave Team] on Launchpad maintain actively maintained a PPA providing a binary more up to date packages of the latest stable versions of Octave . These are backported from Debian unstable and are still useful for all versions of older Ubuntuinstallations. To set up your system to install these packages, run:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
sudo apt-get install octave
== Compiling from source Building Octave ==The only ''tricky: '' part is to install the dependencies. Once that is solvedFor general build instructions, installing from source should be as easy as {{Codeline|./configure && make && make install}}. See the manual for the see [[http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Running-Configure-and-Make.html configure optionsBuilding]].''
=== HDF5 issue ===With new The ''only'' tricky part is to install the Octave build dependencies. Once that is solved, one can easily follow the [[Building|general build instructions]]. See [[#Configuration|below]] for some Debian versions you may get the following when building from source:and Ubuntu specific configuration options.
{{warning|HDF5 library not found. Octave will not be able to save or load HDF5 data files.}}=== Install dependencies ===
The problem is Note that there are multiple different Debian and Ubuntu versions of the hdf5 may have slightly different package. Octave was written with the serial version in mind names but it is likely to work with the others (OpenMPI and Mpich). Due to the naming scheme done in Debiantheir differences should be pretty small, it is required mostly limited to specify the location of the librariesversion numbers. See bug {{bug|38928}} for details but basically, use the following when running configure:
./configure --with-hdf5-includedir=/usr/include/hdf5/serial/ --with-hdf5-libdir=/usr/lib/$== The easy way (dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_MULTIARCHbut likely incorrect)/hdf5/serial/====
=== Dependencies ==={{Note|different Debian and Ubuntu versions may have slightly different package names but their differences should be pretty small, mostly limited to This approach is ''only'' suitable if you are building from source the ''same'' version numbersthat your Linux distribution already has packaged.}}
==== The easy way (but possibly incomplete) ====
The easy way to install ''most'' of the necessary dependencies is to {{Codeline|sudo apt-get build-dep octave}}. This will install all packages necessary to build and prepare a Debian package for the octave version available on your system repositories. However:
* will install unnecessary packages related to the building of a Debian package;
* may install packages that are no longer octave dependencies.
==== The right way ==== The right way is to install all the dependencies listed on the [[Building#Dependencies|Building]] wiki page. One can either search for the respective packages manually on * https://packages.debian.org* https://packages.ubuntu.com or, for the sake of convenience, use some "one-liner" to install them: * '''Ubuntu 19.10''' :<pre>sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev fig2dev libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-qt4-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar qtbase5-dev qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libqscintilla2-qt5-dev libsundials-dev</pre> * '''Ubuntu 18.04 (LTS)''' :<pre>sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive texlive-generic-recommended libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar qtbase5-dev qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libqscintilla2-qt5-dev</pre> * '''Ubuntu 16.04 (LTS)''' :<pre>sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar</pre> * '''Debian 9''' :<pre>sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libjack-jackd2-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar</pre> * '''Debian 8''' :<pre>sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-7-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar</pre>  {{Warning|<ul><li>The Debian repositoriy has several libraries for dealing with HDF data files. The recommended is {{Codeline|libhdf5-serial-dev}}. However, the {{Forge|msh|msh package}} requires [http://www.geuz.org/gmsh/ gmsh] which is incompatible with it.</li><li>The GraphicsMagick++ library (libgraphicsmagick++1-dev) on the Debian repositories was compiled with quantum 8 which limits reading images to 8 bit. The solution is to recompile [[GraphicsMagick]] with quantum 16 or 32 before building Octave.</li><li>For debian9 using openjdk-9-jdk (even easier way providing {{Codeline|JAVA_HOME}}) could *not* be used for the java interface! Use openjdk-8-jdk instead.</li><li>When configure decides to use QT5 instead of QT4, make might fail because lrelease is missing (see [https://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?50580 bug 50580]). It can be fixed by installing {{Codeline|qttools5-dev-tools}}</li></ul>}} ===Configuration === Some Debian and Ubuntu specific configure tweaks are listed below:
The [http://wiki.octave.org/MXE MXE-octave] package provides a way to compile Octave for different platforms. Dependencies and certain flags are handled automatically.==== Java ====
Autodetection for Java should work well on Debian-based systems. A specific Java version can be specified by passing {{codeline|JAVA_HOME}} to configure, for example  ./configure JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64 === The right way = HDF5 ==== On older versions of Debian and Ubuntu, you may get the following warning when building an older version of Octave from source:  HDF5 library not found. Octave will not be able to save or load HDF5 data files. The best way problem is that there are multiple versions of the hdf5 package. Octave was written with the serial version in mind but it is likely to select work with the others (OpenMPI and install all Mpich). Due to the dependencies as listed naming scheme done in Debian, it may be required to specify the location of the libraries. See bug {{Pathbug|INSTALL.OCTAVE38928}} filefor details (starting with comment #19) but basically, use the following when running configure:  . The following are their package names in /configure --with-hdf5-includedir=/usr/include/hdf5/serial --with-hdf5-libdir=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/hdf5/serial On older versions of Debian repositories (they will have their own dependencies which your package maintainer will solve automatically)and Ubuntu, where only one flavor of the HDF5 library could be installed at a time, you may need to build Octave against one of the MPI-enabled flavors.On these older systems, configuring Octave like this may work:
{{Warning|Debian repositories has several libraries for dealing with HDF data files . The recommended is {{Codeline|libhdf5/configure CPPFLAGS="-serial-dev}}. However, the {{Forge|msh|msh package}} requires [http:I/usr/www.geuz.orginclude/gmsh/ gmsh] which is incompatible with it.}}{{Warning|the GraphicsMagick++ library (libgraphicsmagick++mpi -DMPICH_SKIP_MPICXX -dev) on the Debian repositories was compiled with quantum 8 which limits reading images to 8 bit. The solution is to recompile [[GraphicsMagick]] with quantum 16 or 32 before building Octave.}}{{Note|if only the native graphics toolkit will be used, gnuplot will not be necessary.}}DOMPI_SKIP_MPICXX"
* build tools:<pre>g++ gcc gfortran make</pre>* external packages:<pre>libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev</pre>* optional but ''strongly'' recommended. Check the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/External-Packages.html Octave manual] for more information on them. Packages marked with * are virtual packages (you'll have to pick one of the displayed versions).:{| class="wikitable"|-! Dependency !! Debian Squeeze(Old Stable) !! Ubuntu 13.10|-| ARPACK || libarpack2-dev || libarpack2-dev|-| cURL || libcurl4-gnutls-dev || libcurl4-gnutls-dev|-| epstool || epstool || epstool|-| FFTW3 || libfftw3-dev || libfftw3-dev|-| fig2dev || transfig || transfig|-| FLTK || libfltk-dev * || libfltk-dev *|-| fontconfig || libfontconfig1-dev || libfontconfig1-dev|-| FreeType || libfreetype6-dev || libfreetype6-dev|-| gl2ps || libgl2ps-dev || libgl2ps-dev|-| GLPK || libglpk-dev || libglpk-dev|-| GNU Readline || libreadline-dev || libreadline-dev|-| gnuplot || gnuplot || gnuplot|-| GraphicsMagick++ || libgraphicsmagick++-dev || libgraphicsmagick++-dev|-| HDF5 || libhdf5-serial-dev || libhdf5-serial-dev|-| Java JDK || openjdk-7-jdk || openjdk-7-jdk|-| LLVM || llvm-dev * || llvm-dev *|-| lpr || lpr || lpr|-| makeinfo || texinfo || texinfo|-| OpenGL || libgl-dev * || libgl-dev *|-| pstoedit || pstoedit || pstoedit|-| Qhull || libqhull-dev || libqhull-dev|-| QRUPDATE || libqrupdate-dev || libqrupdate-dev|-| QScintilla || libqscintilla2-dev || libqscintilla2-dev|-| Qt || libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 || libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4|-| SuiteSparse || libsuitesparse-dev || libsuitesparse-dev|-| Xft || libxft-dev || libxft-dev|-| zlib || zlib1g-dev || zlib1g-dev|-|}=== Sundials ====
==== Building development On recent Debian and Ubuntu releases whose Sundials version ====If you are building development versions(in {{codeline|libsundials-dev}}) is 3.1, you'll require some more packages as listed on a configure flag needs to be passed for {{Pathcodeline|etc/HACKINGode15i}} and {{Pathcodeline|INSTALLode15s}}. Many of them will already to be installed on your system.compiled with support for sparse Jacobians (bug {{bug|55937}}), as follows:
./configure CPPFLAGS===== development tools =====<pre>autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2"-bin libtool perl rsync tar<I/usr/include/pre>suitesparse"
===== extra dependencies for the development version ===See also ==
:{| class="wikitable"|-! Dependency !! Debian Wheezy (stable) !! Debian Jessie (testing)|-| PortAudio || portaudio19-dev || portaudio19-dev|-| OSMesa || * [[Build libosmesaMXE]] || 9-- a more customized Octave build including many self-compiled tools.0.0 |-|}
[[Category:Building]]
[[Category:Installation]]
[[Category:DebianGNU/Linux]]
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