For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
The package can be obtained from the Software Center but the Octave package is old (3.2). The most current stable version is available through a Personal Package Archive (PPA). You will need to add the PPA to you system. Execute the following in a terminal:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
sudo apt-get update
If you need more information on adding a repository, visit [https://launchpad.net/~octave/+archive/stable GNU Octave Stable Releases] PPA. You can now install from the Software Center or a terminal.
To install Octave with documentation execute the following in a terminal:
sudo apt-get install octave octave-doc octave-info octave-htmldoc
If you want to be able to build packages from Octave Forge, you will want liboctave-dev package:
sudo apt-get install liboctave-dev
If you want Octave debugging symbols, use the following:
sudo apt-get install octave-dbg
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are: