Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems  
 
The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems  
 
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
Here is a list of the latest Octave version available in some Linux distributions
 
 
* Debian Mint 13, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* Zenwalk GNU Linux, Snapshot Version, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* Fedora 17, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* openSUSE 11.4 and 12.1, has Octave 3.6.2 (Science repository) as of June 28 2012
 
  
 
More detailed instructions follow.
 
More detailed instructions follow.
  
=Debian=
+
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
Determine what packages are currently available, using e.g.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
    $ aptitude search octave
+
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
  
As of 2008/05, the command above should list, amongst others:
+
apt-get install octave
  
    octave3.0 - GNU Octave language for numerical computations (3.0 branch)
+
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
    octave3.0-doc - PDF documentation on the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-emacsen - Emacs support for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-headers - header files for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
  
In July, 2012, with that time current stable (Squeeze), you get above mentioned in 3.2 version, so replace names of the packages appropriately in the following commands.
+
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
  
Select your choice of packages, then install them, e.g. w/
+
aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
  
    # aptitude install octave3.0 octave3.0-doc octave3.0-emacsen
+
=Fedora=
  
==Notes:==
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
*For brevity, the numerous other Debian packages have been omitted in the above list.
+
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
*At a minimum, one should install one of the packages returned by the command:  
 
  
    $ aptitude search ?provides\(^octave$\)
+
*octave
 +
*octave-devel
  
*The OctaveForge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All OctaveForge packages will probably be found with the command:  
+
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
  
     $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
+
     # dnf install octave
  
==[http://wiki.octave.org/wiki.pl?action=anchor&id=DebianDevelopmentSources#DebianDevelopmentSources Debian Development Sources]==
+
=Gentoo=
  
In order to build Octave from development sources, the first step is to follow the instructions given under the heading Development Sources of [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/download.html Downloading Octave]. These commands require Mercurial, which can be installed with the command
+
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  
     # aptitude install mercurial
+
     # emerge --sync
 +
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 +
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 +
and emerge Octave
 +
    # emerge octave
 +
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
Building Octave from sources requires a number of programs and libraries. All of these are available as Debian packages and the list given on [Debian's source package page for Octave3.2] can be used for reference and installed by
+
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
 +
pkg -forge list
 +
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 +
pkg install -forge general
  
# aptitude build-dep octave3.2
+
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
  
After this, it should be possible to follow the [[Build from source]] instructions.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
==Debian Versions==
+
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
  
Note that on Debian, multiple versions of Octave are provided concurrently and thus, Octave packages have names that include the version number, such as, for example: octave2.1-emacsen, octave3.0-emacsen, octave3.2-emacsen. This may change with Octave 3.4.
+
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
  
References: [https://mailman.cae.wisc.edu/pipermail/help-octave/2009-November/037394.html Upgrade Ubuntu Jaunty to Karmic (9.04 to 9.10) breaks self-compiled octave]([http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.gnu.octave.general/27056/focus=27080 Gmane copy]), [http://lists.alioth.debian.org/pipermail/pkg-octave-devel/2011-February/007699.html Octave 3.4]
+
    yum install epel-release
 +
    yum install octave
  
=Ubuntu=
+
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
Note that on Ubuntu 10.04 and above, the default command to get packages is apt-get instead of aptitude (unless you have installed aptitude). Therefore the command to search the available packages is
 
  
    $ apt-cache search octave
+
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
  
The rest of the commands are the same but replacing aptitude with apt-get.
+
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
 +
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
  
To build newer releases of octave some extra packages may be needed. Next some extra compilation instructions are given.
+
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
If you plan to compile stuff in your Ubuntu system is not unwise to get the essential tools.
+
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  
    $ sudo apt-get install build-essential
+
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
  
After these you can proceed to get the dependencies as explained before.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
    $ sudo apt-get build-dep octave3.2
+
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
After this, it should be possible to follow the [[Build from source]] instructions. However, you may notice that the <code>configure</code> script says that '''bison''' and '''libfontconfig-dev''' are still missing so you need to get them too.
+
zypper in octave
  
    $ sudo apt-get install bison libfontconfig-dev
+
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
  
After this you can compile (which takes some time, 1:30 hr in a 2.0 Ghz PC). Even though make check may work perfectly, you may still find a problem when trying to plot. This is due to missing x11 for gnuplot. Gnuplot will tell you <code>Terminal set to unknown</code>. To fix it get the full gnuplot package
+
=Arch Linux=
 
 
    $ sudo apt-get install gnuplot
 
 
 
Make sure that gnuplot-x11 is in the list of installed packages.
 
 
 
You may still find a problem when plotting: <code>Gtk-WARNIN **: Unable to locate theme engine in module_path: "pixmap"</code> To fix this do
 
 
 
    $ sudo apt-get install gtk2-engines-pixbuf
 
 
 
=== Unofficial binaries ===
 
Until Ubuntu packaging  is up and running you can get .deb packages for Ubuntu built with [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CheckInstall checkinstall] (note that these packages are not official)
 
 
 
'''Ubuntu 10.04 and 10.10'''
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6iTsUm8xqX7rXDf3S6yfeM Octave 3.4.3 (32bits)].
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/4sGNUuh9ykZdadEX0QPtY2 Octave 3.4.3 (64bits)].
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6WX6polYRNXeJuBqVsCZvi Octave 3.6.1 (32bits)].
 
 
 
'''Ubuntu 11.04 and 11.10'''
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6l35Gf3j8alWL7fGeYW388 Octave 3.4.3 (32bits)].
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/50BTtQn3qO3eMB8kngAMaq Octave 3.6.1 (64bits)].
 
 
 
'''Ubuntu 12.04'''
 
* [https://launchpad.net/~picaso/+archive/octave Octave 3.6.1 ppa (32 & 64 bits)].
 
* [https://launchpad.net/~mvanderkolff/+archive/octave-3.6 Octave 3.6.1 ppa (w/ some forge pkgs)].
 
 
 
==References==
 
 
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Octave-3-4-3-in-Ubuntu-11-10-td3947501.html Octave 3.4.3 in Ubuntu 11.10].
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Ubuntu-10-10-binaries-to-test-td3929887.html Ubuntu 10.10 binaries to test].
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Ubuntu-11-10-binaries-td3947804.html Ubuntu 11.10 binaries]
 
 
 
=Fedora=
 
Early versions of Fedora included Octave in the core distribution. Since Fedora Core 3, Octave has been included in Fedora Extras (and is generally better maintained now in Extras than it was in Core). The packages can be installed using the yum command, which will automatically download and install the packages along with all of their dependencies.
 
 
 
The related packages are:
 
*octave
 
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
 
 
octave-forge is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave and octave-forge can be installed with the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge
 
 
 
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
 
 
 
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
 
 
 
=Gentoo=
 
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage. To install Octave:
 
 
 
    # emerge sync
 
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
 
 
=RedHat=
 
 
 
Octave is included with RedHat. If you are still using an old version of RedHat and want a newer version of octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
 
 
 
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as RedHat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. RedHat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
 
 
 
=SuSE=
 
Octave 2.1.36 is included with SuSE 8.1.
 
  
The ATLAS libraries are not included, for some reason, but the atlas.rpm for SuSE 7.3 (in the beo section) will install without problems.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 
 
 
 
=Arch Linux=
 
  
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
Line 155: Line 87:
 
     # pacman -S octave
 
     # pacman -S octave
  
[[Category:GNULinux]]
+
[[Category:Installation]]
 
+
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
----
 

Revision as of 15:52, 8 June 2017

The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution package installation system.

More detailed instructions follow.

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems

Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:

apt-get install octave

For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the Debian specific instructions page.

There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named octave<pkgname>, e.g, octave-image and octave-statistics for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:

aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:

  • octave
  • octave-devel

octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave can be installed with the command:

   # dnf install octave

Gentoo

Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:

   # emerge --sync

Add USE flag 'curl' into your /etc/portage/package.use file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching

sci-mathematics/octave curl

and emerge Octave

   # emerge octave

Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages octave-forge or g-octave are no more needed.

Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type

pkg -forge list

and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with

pkg install -forge general

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the EPEL repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

Method 1 - the quick way:

   yum install epel-release
   yum install octave

Method 2 - if the above does not work:

First, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

   # wget http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
   # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the instructions for Fedora to install Octave using yum.

Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the maintainers mailing list for more information.

SUSE Linux and openSUSE

Main article: Octave for openSUSE

Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:

zypper in octave

Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see openSUSE specific wiki page.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux

Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:

   # pacman -S octave