Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
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The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
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== Arch Linux ==
  
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
  apt-get install octave
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  pacman -S octave
  
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
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== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
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  apt install octave
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apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
=Fedora=
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== Fedora ==
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
 
  
*octave
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
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dnf install octave
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dnf install octave-devel # development files
  
    # yum install octave-forge
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== Gentoo ==
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
=Gentoo=
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zypper install octave
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
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zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
    # emerge --sync
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional, this package is provided via the "octave" overlay)
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
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yum install epel-release
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yum install octave
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yum install octave-devel  # development files
  
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
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If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
  
    yum install epel-release
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== Slackware ==
    yum install octave
 
  
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
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= Distribution independent =
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
 
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
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== Docker ==
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
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* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
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* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
=Red Hat=
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docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
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== Flatpak ==
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
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* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
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* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
 
  
zypper in octave
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== Guix ==
  
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
=Arch Linux=
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== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
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"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
    # pacman -S octave
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
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* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
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 +
brew install octave
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 +
== MXE ==
 +
 
 +
* More info: [[MXE]]
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* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
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 +
== Snap ==
 +
 
 +
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
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* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
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 +
snap install octave --beta
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 +
= Building from source =
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix

Homebrew on Linux

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE

Snap

snap install octave --beta

Building from source

Main article: Building