Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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(→‎Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS: Reduce to bare minimum.)
(→‎Distribution independent: Collect development repositories where possible.)
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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
+
= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
+
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
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== Arch Linux ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 +
 
 +
pacman -S octave
 +
 
 +
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
Line 11: Line 16:
 
  apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
 
  apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
= Fedora =
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== Fedora ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
Line 18: Line 23:
 
  dnf install octave-devel  # development files
 
  dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
= Gentoo =
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== Gentoo ==
  
 
  emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
 
  emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
 +
 
 +
zypper install octave
 +
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
 +
 
 +
== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
Line 32: Line 44:
 
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
 
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
  
= openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise =
+
== Slackware ==
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
 +
 
 +
= Distribution independent =
 +
 
 +
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
 +
 
 +
== Docker ==
 +
 
 +
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
 +
 
 +
docker pull mtmiller/octave
 +
 
 +
== Flatpak ==
  
zypper install octave
+
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
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* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
=Arch Linux=
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
+
== Guix ==
  
pacman -S octave
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
=Homebrew on Linux=
+
== Homebrew on Linux ==
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
Octave is provided by the [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.
+
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
 
 
Homebrew can be installed with the command:
 
  
    sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
 +
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:
+
brew install octave
  
    test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
+
== MXE ==
    test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
 
    test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
 
    echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile
 
  
Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:
+
* More info: [[MXE]]
 +
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
    brew install octave
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== Snap ==
  
=Docker=
+
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.
+
snap install octave --beta
  
    docker pull mtmiller/octave
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= Building from source =
    docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version
 
  
The image is hosted at [https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub].
+
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix

Homebrew on Linux

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE

Snap

snap install octave --beta

Building from source

Main article: Building