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= Distributions =
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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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is via each distribution package installation system.
  
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
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More detailed instructions follow.
  
== Arch Linux ==
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=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
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Simply install Octave from your distribution repository
  
  pacman -S octave
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  apt install octave
  
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
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For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
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There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named {{codeline|octave-<pkg>}}, for example {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command
  
  apt install octave
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  apt search octave-forge
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
 
  
== Fedora ==
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=Fedora=
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
dnf install octave
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The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
dnf install octave-devel # development files
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*octave
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*octave-devel
  
== Gentoo ==
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{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
  
emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
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    # dnf install octave
  
== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
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=Gentoo=
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
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Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
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    # emerge --sync
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Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
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sci-mathematics/octave curl
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and emerge Octave
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    # emerge octave
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Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
  zypper install octave
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Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
  zypper install octave-devel  # development files
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  pkg -forge list
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and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
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  pkg install -forge general
  
== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
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=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
yum install epel-release
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Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
yum install octave
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yum install octave-devel  # development files
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'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
  
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
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    yum install epel-release
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    yum install octave
  
== Slackware ==
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'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
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First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
  
= Distribution independent =
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    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
  
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
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Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
== Docker ==
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Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
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=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
 
  
docker pull mtmiller/octave
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
== Flatpak ==
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Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
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zypper in octave
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
 
  
flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
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Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
  
== Guix ==
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=Arch Linux=
  
* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
== Homebrew on Linux ==
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Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
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    # pacman -S octave
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=Homebrew on Linux=
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
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Octave is provided by the [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.
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Homebrew can be installed with the command:
  
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
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    sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
 
  
brew install octave
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It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:
  
== MXE ==
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    test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
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    test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
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    test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
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    echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile
  
* More info: [[MXE]]
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Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
 
  
== Snap ==
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    brew install octave
  
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
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=Docker=
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
 
  
snap install octave --beta
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Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.
  
= Building from source =
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    docker pull mtmiller/octave
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    docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version
  
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
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The image is hosted at [https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub].
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

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