for fedora: yum install zeromq-devel
for ubuntu: apt install libzmq-dev
With the ZeroMQ library installed, from octave commmand line:
>> pkg install -forge zeromq
Load it before any usage:
>> pkg load zeromq
Look at the quick reference for the package:
>> help zeromq
Differences between C and Octave bindings
The Octave binding is a subset of the C binding of the ZeroMQ library.
Major differences are:
1. The octave binding creates a single zeromq context that is used for all zeromq sockets. In the C bindings, the programmer must create a context and use it during socket creation.
2. only limited zmq_getsockopt and zmq_setsockopt is currently implemented.
3. functions mostly return true or false for whether they succeeded or failed. In the C binding, 0 signified success.
zmq_bind Bind a zeromq socket to a endpoint.
zmq_close Close a zeromq socket.
zmq_connect Connect a zeromq socket to a endpoint
zmq_errno Get system errno value.
zmq_getsockopt Get current value of a zeromq socket option.
zmq_poll Poll a socket or sockets for a timeout or incoming data available.
zmq_recv Attempt to read data from a zeromq socket.
zmq_send Attempt to send data from a zeromq socket.
zmq_setsockopt Set a zeromq socket option.
zmq_strerror Get the last zmq error string.
zmq_unbind Unbind a previously bound zeromq socket.
zmq_version Get the zeromq library version numbers.
The zeromq package comes with a number of examples included in it. They can be opened in octave using:
>> edit examples/zmq_example1.m
basic request/reply pattern
Example based on client/server example from http://zguide.zeromq.org/page:all#Ask-and-Ye-Shall-Receive
The client sends a "Hello" to the server which responds back "World". No error checking or data validation is done in the example.
|Code: Server code|
% zeromq package must be installed and loaded to work pkg load zeromq % dont buffer output more off printf ("Creating hello world server...\n"); % create reply socket, and bind it to port 5555 sock = zmq_socket (ZMQ_REP); zmq_bind (sock, "tcp://*:5555"); printf ("Waiting for clients ...\n"); % loop forever, waiting for client requests and responding back while (true) recievedata = zmq_recv (sock, 10, 0); printf ("Received Hello\n"); zmq_send (sock, "World", 5, 0); endwhile
|Code: Client code|
% zeromq package must be installed and loaded to work pkg load zeromq % dont buffer output more off printf ("Connecting to hello world server...\n"); % Create socket and connect to server sock = zmq_socket (ZMQ_REQ); zmq_connect (sock, "tcp://localhost:5555"); for request_nbr = [1:10] printf ("Sending Hello %d...\n", request_nbr); zmq_send (sock, uint8("Hello"), 5, 0); % try to read up to 10 bytes of reply data. printf ("Waiting for server response %d... (Ctrl-C to exit)\n", request_nbr); recieved = zmq_recv (sock, 10, 0); printf ("Received World %d\n", request_nbr); endfor zmq_close (sock);
basic publish/subscribe pattern
Example based on client/server example from http://zguide.zeromq.org/page:all#Getting-the-Message-Out
The server pushes 'weather updates' for random zipcodes. The client subscribes to the server just for zipcode 10001.
|Code: Server code|
% zeromq package must be installed and loaded to work pkg load zeromq % dont buffer output more off publisher = zmq_socket (ZMQ_PUB); rc = zmq_bind (publisher, "tcp://*:5556"); assert (rc); while (true) % Get values that will fool the boss zipcode = 10000 + randi (20); temperature = randi (215) - 80; relhumidity = randi (50) + 10; % Send message to all subscribers update = sprintf ("%05d %d %d", zipcode, temperature, relhumidity); zmq_send (publisher, update); endwhile zmq_close (publisher);
|Code: Client code|
% zeromq package must be installed and loaded to work pkg load zeromq % dont buffer output more off subscriber = zmq_socket (ZMQ_SUB); rc = zmq_connect (subscriber, "tcp://localhost:5556"); assert (rc); % Subscribe to zipcode, default is NYC, 10001 zipfilter = "10001 "; rc = zmq_setsockopt (subscriber, ZMQ_SUBSCRIBE, zipfilter); assert (rc); % Process 100 updates update_nbr = 0; total_temp = 0; for update_nbr = 1:100 string = char( zmq_recv(subscriber, 128) ); [zipcode, temperature, relhumidity, count, errmsg] = sscanf (string, "%d %d %d", "C"); fprintf ("recieved a temp for zipcode '%s' of %dF\n", ... zipfilter, temperature); total_temp += temperature; endfor fprintf ("Average temperature for zipcode '%s' was %dF\n", ... zipfilter, (total_temp / update_nbr)); zmq_close (subscriber);