Difference between revisions of "Octave for Windows Subsystem for Linux"

From Octave
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(Created page with ":''This article is about using pre-built installers of Octave for Windows; for instructions about building it, see Windows Installer.'' Windows installers are available f...")
 
(Remove re)
 
(4 intermediate revisions by 3 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
:''This article is about using pre-built installers of Octave for Windows; for instructions about building it, see [[Windows Installer]].''
+
:''Read [[Octave for Microsoft Windows]] for the recommended way to install Octave on MS Windows.''
  
Windows installers are available for the latest version of Octave ({{Release}}, released on {{Release Date}}) from https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/windows/. Users are encouraged to use the latest version unless a specific feature or requirement warrants using an older version of the software. Version specific instructions and installation notes are provided below.
+
{{Note|This article is a stub and should be merged into [[Octave for Microsoft Windows]] if not expanded.}}
  
=Installers for Microsoft Windows=
+
Starting with Windows 10 (64 Bit) the<ref>https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl</ref>
  
The easiest way to install GNU Octave on Microsoft Windows is by using [http://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave/ MXE] builds.  For the current release, both 32-bit and 64-bit installers and zip archived packages (.zip and .7z formats) can be found at https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/windows/.  
+
"[...] Windows Subsystem for Linux lets developers run a GNU/Linux environment -- including most command-line tools, utilities, and applications -- directly on Windows, unmodified, without the overhead of a virtual machine."
  
* For executable installers: the user can simply run the downloaded file and follow the on-screen installation prompts.  It is recommended that the installation path does not include spaces or non-ASCII characters. Shortcuts to the program will be created automatically.
+
In general WSL should make it possible to use and build [[Octave for GNU/Linux]] on MS Windows.
 +
An overview article<ref>https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/windows/wsl/install-win10</ref> describes the Installation of Ubuntu 18.04 in WSL.
  
* For the 7z/zip archives:
+
= References =
# Extract the file content to a directory on the harddrive (such as {{Path|C:\Octave}}). Spaces or non-ASCII characters in the path are discouraged and may cause program errors.
+
<references />
# Manually create a shortcut  to the {{Path|octave.vbs}} file in the main installation directory. (Right-click on the file, select 'Create Shortcut', and move the new shortcut to your desired location.)
 
# Run the {{Path|fc_update.bat}} file before running Octave to reduce plot delays due to the Windows font cache.
 
 
 
==Packages==
 
 
 
A selection of pre-built, [[Octave Forge]] packages are included with for all versions of the official Windows release.  If you installed Octave using the executable installer, you can confirm the package list by typing the command below at the Octave command prompt:
 
 
 
  >> pkg list
 
 
 
If instead you installed Octave from the .zip archive, you need first to rebuild the package list on your local machine. (The command above will produce a blank output and packages will be inaccessible before rebuilding.) Do this by typing the following command:
 
 
 
  >> pkg rebuild
 
 
 
The package list should now be populated with the pre-installed packages.  All packages can be updated to the latest version by running:
 
 
 
  >> pkg update
 
 
 
Other packages can be installed by running:
 
 
 
  >> pkg install -forge <package name>
 
 
 
To install a new or updated package version manually, the package file can be downloaded from the [https://octave.sourceforge.io/packages.php Octave Forge website] to the working directory and can be installed using:
 
 
 
  >> pkg install package_file_name.tar.gz
 
 
 
Detailed instructions for installing individual Octave Forge packages are given at https://octave.sourceforge.io/packages.php.
 
 
 
 
 
'''Note that a security related issue in Windows XP currently prevents Octave from retrieving packages from the website automatically. When running under that Operating System manual package installation is necessary.'''
 
 
 
=GNU Octave 4.4.1 on [https://cygwin.com/ cygwin]=
 
 
 
*'''Maintainer:''' Marco Atzeri
 
*'''Latest release:''' 2018-08-17
 
 
 
*Latest packages:
 
 
 
:octave-4.4.1-1
 
:Its announce on cygwin mailing list [https://www.cygwin.com/ml/cygwin-announce/2018-08/msg00021.html]
 
 
 
:Octave Forge packages have each a cygwin package.
 
:Its announce on cygwin mailing list [https://cygwin.com/ml/cygwin-announce/2017-01/msg00078.html]
 
: Full cygwin package list is available here [https://cygwin.com/packages/]
 
: At 2017-04-06, 64 forge packages were available.
 
 
 
*To install :
 
:  run cygwin setup-x86.exe (for cygwin 32 bit) or  setup-x86_64.exe (for cygwin 64 bit) and select them in the Math category.
 
:  All the package dependencies will be also installed.
 
 
 
:Graphics is based on X and to plot you will need to start octave within xterm (or similar).
 
:  I recommend to install "xinit", "xlaunch" and "gnuplot". These packages will pull all the functional Xserver.
 
:  Otherwise the only graphics will be ASCII art ;-)
 
 
 
==Notes for cygwin==
 
 
 
*When building from development source (default branch)
 
:    "make check"
 
:passes almost all the tests. Only, and not substantial, failures are:
 
:<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
/pub/hg/octave/src/data.cc : 8 failures due to different handling of complex Inf on sort
 
/pub/hg/octave/src/syscalls.cc: 1 failure on fork. This disappears when octave is installed
 
/pub/hg/octave/scripts/sparse/svds.m: 1 failure due to test sensitivity on starting point. See
 
https://mailman.cae.wisc.edu/pipermail/octave-maintainers/2011-September/024715.html
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
 
 
* To build GNU Octave from cygwin source package, you need to install "cygport" and the relevant development libraries
 
:<syntaxhighlight lang="bash">
 
tar -xf octave-4.4.1-1-src.tar.xz
 
cygport octave.cygport almostall
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
:see [https://cygwinports.github.io/cygport/ cygport documentation] for further info.
 
 
 
=General info=
 
 
 
Be advised that GNU Octave is primarily developed on GNU/Linux and other [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/POSIX POSIX] conform systems. The ports of GNU Octave to Microsoft Windows use different approaches to get most of the original Octave and adapt it to Microsoft Windows idiosyncrasies (e.g. dynamic libraries, file paths, permissions, environment variables, GUI system, etc). Bear this in mind and don't panic if you get unexpected results. There are a lot of suggestions on the mailing lists for tuning your Octave installation. GNU Octave standalone ports for Windows are independently compiled using either the [http://mingw.org MinGW] or Microsoft Visual Studio development environments (3.6 or before).
 
 
 
=See also=
 
 
 
* [[Octave for Microsoft Windows (outdated)]] for older instructions.
 
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
[[Category:Building]]
 
 
[[Category:Microsoft Windows]]
 
[[Category:Microsoft Windows]]

Latest revision as of 22:03, 15 August 2019

Read Octave for Microsoft Windows for the recommended way to install Octave on MS Windows.
Info icon.svg
This article is a stub and should be merged into Octave for Microsoft Windows if not expanded.

Starting with Windows 10 (64 Bit) the[1]

"[...] Windows Subsystem for Linux lets developers run a GNU/Linux environment -- including most command-line tools, utilities, and applications -- directly on Windows, unmodified, without the overhead of a virtual machine."

In general WSL should make it possible to use and build Octave for GNU/Linux on MS Windows. An overview article[2] describes the Installation of Ubuntu 18.04 in WSL.

References[edit]