Octave for GNU/Linux

From Octave
Revision as of 00:20, 23 October 2019 by Siko1056 (talk | contribs) (→‎Fedora: Reduce to bare minimum.)
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution package installation system.

More detailed instructions follow.

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems

Simply install Octave from your distribution repository

apt install octave

For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the Debian specific instructions page.

There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named octave-<pkg>, for example octave-image and octave-statistics for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command

apt search octave-forge

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the EPEL repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

Method 1 - the quick way:

   yum install epel-release
   yum install octave

Method 2 - if the above does not work:

First, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

   # wget http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
   # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the instructions for Fedora to install Octave using yum.

Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the maintainers mailing list for more information.

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper in octave

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Homebrew on Linux

Octave is provided by the Homebrew package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.

Homebrew can be installed with the command:

   sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"

It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:

   test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
   test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
   test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
   echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile

Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:

   brew install octave

Docker

Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.

   docker pull mtmiller/octave
   docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version

The image is hosted at mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub.