Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
Here is a list of the latest Octave version available in some Linux distributions
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The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
* Debian Mint 13, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
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== Arch Linux ==
* Zenwalk GNU Linux, Snapshot Version, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* Fedora 17, has Octave 3.6.2 as of June 28 2012
 
* openSUSE 11.4 and 12.1, has Octave 3.6.2 (Science repository) as of June 28 2012
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
=Debian=
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pacman -S octave
  
For building from source, see the [[Debian]] instructions.
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== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
Determine what packages are currently available, using e.g.
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
    $ aptitude search octave
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apt install octave
 +
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
As of 2008/05, the command above should list, amongst others:
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== Fedora ==
  
    octave3.0 - GNU Octave language for numerical computations (3.0 branch)
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
    octave3.0-doc - PDF documentation on the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-emacsen - Emacs support for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
    octave3.0-headers - header files for the GNU Octave language (3.0 branch)
 
  
In July, 2012, with that time current stable (Squeeze), you get above mentioned in 3.2 version, so replace names of the packages appropriately in the following commands.
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dnf install octave
 +
dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
Select your choice of packages, then install them, e.g. w/
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== Gentoo ==
  
    # aptitude install octave3.0 octave3.0-doc octave3.0-emacsen
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
==Notes:==
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
  
*For brevity, the numerous other Debian packages have been omitted in the above list.
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
*At a minimum, one should install one of the packages returned by the command:  
 
  
    $ aptitude search ?provides\(^octave$\)
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zypper install octave
 +
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
*The OctaveForge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All OctaveForge packages will probably be found with the command:
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
  
    $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
==[http://wiki.octave.org/wiki.pl?action=anchor&id=DebianDevelopmentSources#DebianDevelopmentSources Debian Development Sources]==
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yum install epel-release
 +
yum install octave
 +
yum install octave-devel  # development files
  
In order to build Octave from development sources, the first step is to follow the instructions given under the heading Development Sources of [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/download.html Downloading Octave]. These commands require Mercurial, which can be installed with the command
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If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
  
    # aptitude install mercurial
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== Slackware ==
  
Building Octave from sources requires a number of programs and libraries. All of these are available as Debian packages and the list given on [Debian's source package page for Octave3.2] can be used for reference and installed by
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
# aptitude build-dep octave3.2
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= Distribution independent =
  
After this, it should be possible to follow the [[Build from source]] instructions.
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Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
  
==Debian Versions==
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== Docker ==
  
Note that on Debian, multiple versions of Octave are provided concurrently and thus, Octave packages have names that include the version number, such as, for example: octave2.1-emacsen, octave3.0-emacsen, octave3.2-emacsen. This may change with Octave 3.4.
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* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
References: [https://mailman.cae.wisc.edu/pipermail/help-octave/2009-November/037394.html Upgrade Ubuntu Jaunty to Karmic (9.04 to 9.10) breaks self-compiled octave]([http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.comp.gnu.octave.general/27056/focus=27080 Gmane copy]), [http://lists.alioth.debian.org/pipermail/pkg-octave-devel/2011-February/007699.html Octave 3.4]
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docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
=Ubuntu=
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== Flatpak ==
Note that on Ubuntu 10.04 and above, the default command to get packages is apt-get instead of aptitude (unless you have installed aptitude). Therefore the command to search the available packages is
 
  
    $ apt-cache search octave
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* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
The rest of the commands are the same but replacing aptitude with apt-get.
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
To build newer releases of octave some extra packages may be needed. Next some extra compilation instructions are given.
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== Guix ==
  
If you plan to compile stuff in your Ubuntu system is not unwise to get the essential tools.
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
    $ sudo apt-get install build-essential
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== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
After these you can proceed to get the dependencies as explained before.
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"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
    $ sudo apt-get build-dep octave3.2
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
 +
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
After this, it should be possible to follow the [[Build from source]] instructions. However, you may notice that the <code>configure</code> script says that '''bison''' and '''libfontconfig-dev''' are still missing so you need to get them too.
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brew install octave
  
    $ sudo apt-get install bison libfontconfig-dev
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== MXE ==
  
After this you can compile (which takes some time, 1:30 hr in a 2.0 Ghz PC). Even though make check may work perfectly, you may still find a problem when trying to plot. This is due to missing x11 for gnuplot. Gnuplot will tell you <code>Terminal set to unknown</code>. To fix it get the full gnuplot package
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* More info: [[MXE]]
 +
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
    $ sudo apt-get install gnuplot
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== Snap ==
  
Make sure that gnuplot-x11 is in the list of installed packages.
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* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
You may still find a problem when plotting: <code>Gtk-WARNIN **: Unable to locate theme engine in module_path: "pixmap"</code> To fix this do
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snap install octave --beta
  
    $ sudo apt-get install gtk2-engines-pixbuf
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= Building from source =
  
=== Unofficial binaries ===
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: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
Until Ubuntu packaging  is up and running you can get .deb packages for Ubuntu built with [https://help.ubuntu.com/community/CheckInstall checkinstall] (note that these packages are not official)
 
  
'''Ubuntu 10.04 and 10.10'''
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[[Category:Installation]]
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6iTsUm8xqX7rXDf3S6yfeM Octave 3.4.3 (32bits)].
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[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
* [http://ubuntuone.com/4sGNUuh9ykZdadEX0QPtY2 Octave 3.4.3 (64bits)].
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6WX6polYRNXeJuBqVsCZvi Octave 3.6.1 (32bits)].
 
 
 
'''Ubuntu 11.04 and 11.10'''
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/6l35Gf3j8alWL7fGeYW388 Octave 3.4.3 (32bits)].
 
* [http://ubuntuone.com/50BTtQn3qO3eMB8kngAMaq Octave 3.6.1 (64bits)].
 
 
 
'''Ubuntu 12.04'''
 
* [https://launchpad.net/~picaso/+archive/octave Octave 3.6.1 ppa (32 & 64 bits)].
 
 
 
==References==
 
 
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Octave-3-4-3-in-Ubuntu-11-10-td3947501.html Octave 3.4.3 in Ubuntu 11.10].
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Ubuntu-10-10-binaries-to-test-td3929887.html Ubuntu 10.10 binaries to test].
 
*[http://octave.1599824.n4.nabble.com/Ubuntu-11-10-binaries-td3947804.html Ubuntu 11.10 binaries]
 
 
 
=Fedora=
 
Early versions of Fedora included Octave in the core distribution. Since Fedora Core 3, Octave has been included in Fedora Extras (and is generally better maintained now in Extras than it was in Core). The packages can be installed using the yum command, which will automatically download and install the packages along with all of their dependencies.
 
 
 
The related packages are:
 
*octave
 
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
 
 
octave-forge is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave and octave-forge can be installed with the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge
 
 
 
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
 
 
 
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
 
 
 
=Gentoo=
 
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage. To install Octave:
 
 
 
    # emerge sync
 
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
 
 
=Red Hat Enterprise=
 
 
 
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 
 
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
 
 
 
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
 
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
 
 
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
 
 
 
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
 
 
 
=RedHat=
 
 
 
Octave is included with RedHat. If you are still using an old version of RedHat and want a newer version of octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
 
 
 
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as RedHat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. RedHat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
 
 
 
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
 
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
 
 
 
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
 
 
 
For example for openSUSE 12.2 you would do
 
 
 
    # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
 
    # zypper refresh
 
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
 
 
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
 
 
 
Note that this packages lack at the moment support for arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0, unofficial binaries which have that support are available from
 
 
 
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/home:/martin_helm/ download.opensuse.org/repositories/home:/martin_helm/]
 
 
 
you can use the same commands with the link changed to that repository, octave forge packages are available from this link as well.
 
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
=Arch Linux=
 
 
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
 
 
 
    # pacman -S octave
 
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
----
 

Latest revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions[edit]

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux[edit]

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)[edit]

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo[edit]

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise[edit]

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware[edit]

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent[edit]

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker[edit]

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak[edit]

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix[edit]

Homebrew on Linux[edit]

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE[edit]

Snap[edit]

snap install octave --beta

Building from source[edit]

Main article: Building