Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
 
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
  apt-get install octave
+
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository
 +
 
 +
  apt install octave
  
 
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
 
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
+
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named {{codeline|octave-<pkg>}}, for example {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command
  
  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
+
  apt search octave-forge
  
 
=Fedora=
 
=Fedora=
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
+
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 +
 
 +
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
  
 
*octave
 
*octave
 
*octave-devel
 
*octave-devel
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
+
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
  
     # yum install octave-forge
+
     # dnf install octave
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
+
=Gentoo=
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
+
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
+
    # emerge --sync
 +
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 +
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 +
and emerge Octave
 +
    # emerge octave
 +
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
=Gentoo=
+
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
+
pkg -forge list
 +
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 +
pkg install -forge general
  
    # emerge sync
+
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise=
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
 
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 +
 +
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
 +
 +
    yum install epel-release
 +
    yum install octave
 +
 +
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
  
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
Line 51: Line 67:
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
+
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
 +
 
 +
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
 +
 
 +
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
=Red Hat=
+
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
+
zypper in octave
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
+
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
  
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
+
=Arch Linux=
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
 
  
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
For example, for openSUSE 12.2 you would do:
+
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
  
     # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
+
     # pacman -S octave
    # zypper refresh
 
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
  
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
+
=Homebrew on Linux=
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew" />
  
2012-08-21: arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0 bindings which were broken before are again functional, if you have a previous version of the rpm's installed consider to update them.  
+
Octave is provided by the [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.
  
[[Category:GNULinux]]
+
Homebrew can be installed with the command:
  
=Arch Linux=
+
    sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"
 +
 
 +
It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:
 +
 
 +
    test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
 +
    test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
 +
    test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
 +
    echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile
 +
 
 +
Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:
 +
 
 +
    brew install octave
 +
 
 +
=Docker=
 +
 
 +
Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
+
    docker pull mtmiller/octave
 +
    docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version
  
    # pacman -S octave
+
The image is hosted at [https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub].
  
 +
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Latest revision as of 00:02, 20 March 2019

The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution package installation system.

More detailed instructions follow.

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)[edit]

Main article: Octave for Debian systems

Simply install Octave from your distribution repository

apt install octave

For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the Debian specific instructions page.

There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named octave-<pkg>, for example octave-image and octave-statistics for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command

apt search octave-forge

Fedora[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:

  • octave
  • octave-devel

octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave can be installed with the command:

   # dnf install octave

Gentoo[edit]

Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:

   # emerge --sync

Add USE flag 'curl' into your /etc/portage/package.use file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching

sci-mathematics/octave curl

and emerge Octave

   # emerge octave

Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages octave-forge or g-octave are no more needed.

Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type

pkg -forge list

and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with

pkg install -forge general

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the EPEL repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

Method 1 - the quick way:

   yum install epel-release
   yum install octave

Method 2 - if the above does not work:

First, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

   # wget http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
   # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the instructions for Fedora to install Octave using yum.

Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the maintainers mailing list for more information.

SUSE Linux and openSUSE[edit]

Main article: Octave for openSUSE

Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:

zypper in octave

Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see openSUSE specific wiki page.

Arch Linux[edit]

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux

Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:

   # pacman -S octave

Homebrew on Linux[edit]

Octave is provided by the Homebrew package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.

Homebrew can be installed with the command:

   sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"

It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:

   test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
   test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
   test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
   echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile

Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:

   brew install octave

Docker[edit]

Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.

   docker pull mtmiller/octave
   docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version

The image is hosted at mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub.