Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
 
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
Either use {{Codeline|aptitude}} or {{Codeline|apt-get}}:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
    # aptitude install octave<version> octave<version>-doc
+
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
  
where {{Codeline|<version>}} must be substituted by the appropriate string.
+
apt-get install octave
  
The Octave-Forge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All Octave-Forge packages will probably be found with the command:
+
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
    $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
+
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
  
For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
+
aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
  
=== Troubleshooting ===
+
=Fedora=
  
At Ubuntu, broken packages install may cause a <span color="red">error: `pkg' undefined</span> error, previously reported as [https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/octave3.2/+bug/465005 bug 465005]:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
...
+
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
Setting up octave3.2 (3.2.2-2build1) ...
 
error: `pkg' undefined near line 0 column 1
 
 
dpkg: error processing octave3.2 (--configure):
 
  subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1
 
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
 
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
 
Processing triggers for menu ...
 
Errors were encountered while processing:
 
  octave3.2
 
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
 
  
Fix this by complete reinstall:
+
*octave
 +
*octave-devel
  
sudo apt-get --purge remove octave3.2
+
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
sudo apt-get --purge remove octave3.2-common
 
sudo apt-get install octave3.2
 
=Ubuntu 12.04=
 
The package can be obtained from the Software Center but the Octave package is old (3.2).  The most current stable version is available through a Personal Package Archive (PPA).  You will need to add the PPA to you system. Execute the following in a terminal:
 
  
     sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
+
     # dnf install octave
    sudo apt-get update
 
  
If you need more information on adding a repository, visit [https://launchpad.net/~octave/+archive/stable GNU Octave Stable Releases] PPA.  You can now install from the Software Center or a terminal.
+
=Gentoo=
  
To install Octave with documentation execute the following in a terminal:
+
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  
     sudo apt-get install octave octave-doc octave-info octave-htmldoc
+
     # emerge --sync
 +
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 +
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 +
and emerge Octave
 +
    # emerge octave
 +
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
If you want to be able to build packages from Octave Forge, you will want liboctave-dev package:
+
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
 +
pkg -forge list
 +
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 +
pkg install -forge general
  
    sudo apt-get install liboctave-dev
+
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
  
If you want Octave debugging symbols, use the following:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
    sudo apt-get install octave-dbg
+
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
  
=Fedora=
+
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
 
  
*octave
+
    yum install epel-release
*octave-devel
+
    yum install octave
*octave-forge
 
 
 
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
 
  
    # yum install octave-forge
+
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
 
 
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
 
 
 
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
 
 
 
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
 
 
 
=Gentoo=
 
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
 
 
 
    # emerge sync
 
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
 
 
=Red Hat Enterprise=
 
 
 
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
 
  
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
 
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
Line 95: Line 67:
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
 
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
+
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  
=Red Hat=
+
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
+
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
+
zypper in octave
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
 
  
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
+
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
  
For example, for openSUSE 12.2 you would do:
+
=Arch Linux=
 
 
    # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
 
    # zypper refresh
 
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
 
 
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
 
  
2012-08-21: arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0 bindings which were broken before are again functional, if you have a previous version of the rpm's installed consider to update them.
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
=Arch Linux=
 
  
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
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     # pacman -S octave
 
     # pacman -S octave
  
[[Category:GNULinux]]
+
[[Category:Installation]]
 
+
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
----
 

Revision as of 14:52, 8 June 2017

The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution package installation system.

More detailed instructions follow.

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems

Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:

apt-get install octave

For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the Debian specific instructions page.

There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named octave<pkgname>, e.g, octave-image and octave-statistics for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:

aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:

  • octave
  • octave-devel

octave-devel contains the octave headers and mkoctfile script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. octave can be installed with the command:

   # dnf install octave

Gentoo

Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:

   # emerge --sync

Add USE flag 'curl' into your /etc/portage/package.use file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching

sci-mathematics/octave curl

and emerge Octave

   # emerge octave

Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages octave-forge or g-octave are no more needed.

Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type

pkg -forge list

and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with

pkg install -forge general

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems

Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the EPEL repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

Method 1 - the quick way:

   yum install epel-release
   yum install octave

Method 2 - if the above does not work:

First, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

   # wget http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
   # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the instructions for Fedora to install Octave using yum.

Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the maintainers mailing list for more information.

SUSE Linux and openSUSE

Main article: Octave for openSUSE

Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:

zypper in octave

Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see openSUSE specific wiki page.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux

Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:

   # pacman -S octave