Editing Octave for GNU/Linux

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Warning: You are not logged in. Your IP address will be publicly visible if you make any edits. If you log in or create an account, your edits will be attributed to your username, along with other benefits.

The edit can be undone. Please check the comparison below to verify that this is what you want to do, and then save the changes below to finish undoing the edit.

Latest revision Your text
Line 1: Line 1:
= Distributions =
+
The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
 +
is via each distribution package installation system.
  
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building|build Octave from source]].
+
More detailed instructions follow.
  
== Arch Linux ==
+
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 
 
 
pacman -S octave
 
 
 
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
 
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
apt install octave
+
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
 
 
 
== Fedora ==
 
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
  
  dnf install octave
+
  apt-get install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files
 
  
== Gentoo ==
+
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
+
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:  
 
 
== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
 
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
 
  
  zypper install octave
+
  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
 
  
== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
+
=Fedora=
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
yum install epel-release
+
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
yum install octave
 
yum install octave-devel  # development files
 
  
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
+
*octave
 +
*octave-devel
 +
*octave-forge
  
== Slackware ==
+
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
+
    # yum install octave-forge
  
= Distribution independent =
+
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
  
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
+
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
  
== Anaconda ==
+
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
  
* More info: https://anaconda.org/conda-forge/octave
+
=Gentoo=
  
  conda create --name octave
+
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  conda activate octave
 
  conda install -c conda-forge octave
 
  
== Docker / Podman / Singularity ==
+
    # emerge --sync
 +
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 +
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 +
and emerge Octave
 +
    # emerge octave
 +
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/gnuoctave/octave
+
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
* Development: https://github.com/gnu-octave/docker
+
pkg -forge list
 +
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 +
pkg install -forge general
  
docker pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
+
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
podman pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
 
  
singularity pull docker://gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
=== mtmiller's version ===
+
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
  
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
+
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
 
  
docker pull docker.io/mtmiller/octave
+
    yum install epel-release
 +
    yum install octave
  
== Flatpak ==
+
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
  
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
+
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
 
  
flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
+
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
 +
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
  
== Guix ==
+
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/en/packages/octave-6.2.0/
+
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  
guix install octave
+
=Red Hat=
  
== Homebrew on Linux ==
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
 
  
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
+
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
  
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
+
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
 
  
brew install octave
+
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
  
== MXE ==
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
* More info: [[MXE]]
+
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
 
  
== Snap ==
+
zypper in octave
  
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
+
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
 
  
snap install octave
+
=Arch Linux=
  
If you want to use a nightly snapshot build of the development branch of Octave, install from the ''edge'' channel
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 
 
snap install --edge octave
 
 
 
== Spack ==
 
 
 
* More info: https://spack.readthedocs.io/
 
* Development: https://github.com/spack/spack/blob/develop/var/spack/repos/builtin/packages/octave/package.py
 
 
 
spack install octave
 
 
 
= Building from source =
 
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
 
  
== See also ==
+
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
  
* [[Octave for other Unix systems]]
+
    # pacman -S octave
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Please note that all contributions to Octave may be edited, altered, or removed by other contributors. If you do not want your writing to be edited mercilessly, then do not submit it here.
You are also promising us that you wrote this yourself, or copied it from a public domain or similar free resource (see Octave:Copyrights for details). Do not submit copyrighted work without permission!

To edit this page, please answer the question that appears below (more info):

Cancel Editing help (opens in new window)

Template used on this page: