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= Distributions =
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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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is via each distribution package installation system.
  
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building|build Octave from source]].
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More detailed instructions follow.
  
== Arch Linux ==
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=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
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Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
  
  pacman -S octave
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  apt-get install octave
  
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
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For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
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There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
  
  apt install octave
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  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
 
  
== Fedora ==
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=Fedora=
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The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
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*octave
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*octave-devel
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*octave-forge
  
dnf install octave
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{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
dnf install octave-devel # development files
 
  
== Gentoo ==
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    # yum install octave-forge
  
emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
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By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
  
== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
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    # yum install octave-forge atlas
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
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Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
  
zypper install octave
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=Gentoo=
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
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Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
  
== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
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    # emerge --sync
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Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
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sci-mathematics/octave curl
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and emerge Octave
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    # emerge octave
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Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
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Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
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pkg -forge list
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and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
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pkg install -forge general
  
yum install epel-release
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=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
yum install octave
 
yum install octave-devel  # development files
 
  
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
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Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
  
== Slackware ==
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'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
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    yum install epel-release
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    yum install octave
  
= Distribution independent =
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'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
  
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
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First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
  
== Anaconda ==
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    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
  
* More info: https://anaconda.org/conda-forge/octave
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Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
  
  conda create --name octave
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Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
  conda activate octave
 
  conda install -c conda-forge octave
 
  
== Docker / Podman / Singularity ==
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=Red Hat=
  
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/gnuoctave/octave
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GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
* Development: https://github.com/gnu-octave/docker
 
  
docker pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
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Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
podman pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
 
  
singularity pull docker://gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
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=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
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Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
  
=== mtmiller's version ===
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zypper in octave
  
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
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Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
 
  
docker pull docker.io/mtmiller/octave
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=Arch Linux=
  
== Flatpak ==
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Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
  
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
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    # pacman -S octave
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
 
 
 
flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
 
 
 
== Guix ==
 
 
 
* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/en/packages/octave-6.2.0/
 
 
 
guix install octave
 
 
 
== Homebrew on Linux ==
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
 
 
 
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
 
 
 
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
 
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
 
 
 
brew install octave
 
 
 
== MXE ==
 
 
 
* More info: [[MXE]]
 
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
 
 
 
== Snap ==
 
 
 
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
 
 
 
snap install octave
 
 
 
If you want to use a nightly snapshot build of the development branch of Octave, install from the ''edge'' channel
 
 
 
snap install --edge octave
 
 
 
== Spack ==
 
 
 
* More info: https://spack.readthedocs.io/
 
* Development: https://github.com/spack/spack/blob/develop/var/spack/repos/builtin/packages/octave/package.py
 
 
 
spack install octave
 
 
 
= Building from source =
 
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
 
 
 
== See also ==
 
 
 
* [[Octave for other Unix systems]]
 
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

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