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= Distributions =
The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
is via each distribution package installation system.

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building|build Octave from source]].
More detailed instructions follow.

== Arch Linux ==
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=

: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''

pacman -S octave
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''

  apt install octave
  apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

== Fedora ==
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.

: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named {{codeline|octave-<pkg>}}, for example {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command

  dnf install octave
  apt search octave-forge
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

== Gentoo ==

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''

== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:

: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''

zypper install octave
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
zypper install octave-devel # development files

== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
    # dnf install octave

: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''

yum install epel-release
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
    # emerge --sync
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
sci-mathematics/octave curl
and emerge Octave
    # emerge octave
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.

== Slackware ==
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
pkg -forge list
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
pkg install -forge general

: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=

= Distribution independent =
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.

== Anaconda ==
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''

* More info: https://anaconda.org/conda-forge/octave
    yum install epel-release
    yum install octave

  conda create --name octave
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
  conda activate octave
  conda install -c conda-forge octave

== Docker / Podman / Singularity ==
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,

* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/gnuoctave/octave
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
* Development: https://github.com/gnu-octave/docker
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm

docker pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
podman pull docker.io/gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}

singularity pull docker://gnuoctave/octave:{{Release}}
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.

=== mtmiller's version ===
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=

* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave

docker pull docker.io/mtmiller/octave
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:

== Flatpak ==
zypper in octave

* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
=Arch Linux=

== Guix ==
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''

* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/en/packages/octave-6.2.0/
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:

guix install octave
    # pacman -S octave

== Homebrew on Linux ==
=Homebrew on Linux=
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
Octave is provided by the [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
brew install octave
== MXE ==
* More info: [[MXE]]
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
== Snap ==
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap

snap install octave
Homebrew can be installed with the command:

If you want to use a nightly snapshot build of the development branch of Octave, install from the ''edge'' channel
    sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"

snap install --edge octave
It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:

== Spack ==
    test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
    test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
    test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
    echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile

* More info: https://spack.readthedocs.io/
Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:
* Development: https://github.com/spack/spack/blob/develop/var/spack/repos/builtin/packages/octave/package.py

spack install octave
    brew install octave

= Building from source =

: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.

== See also ==
    docker pull mtmiller/octave
    docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version

* [[Octave for other Unix systems]]
The image is hosted at [https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub].

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