Difference between revisions of "Compatibility"

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Despite best efforts by Mathworks to make matlab useful, some functionalities still only exist in octave. This page is for tricks that will help in writing code that will run in both octave and matlab.
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#REDIRECT [[Differences between Octave and Matlab]]
 
 
=Why?=
 
Consider the following case. You have found some useful code that is currently matlab specific and want to port it into octave. You may need, or want, to make changes, either due to missing functions in octave or to use simpler/faster/etc octave specific functions. If you make these changes while keeping it matlab compatibility you can send the modified code, now both matlab and octave compatible, upstream. This will make contributions between the octave and matlab community easier. It will be easier to apply changes/bug fixes that both you and the upstream developer makes.
 
 
 
== Are we running octave? ==
 
The most commonly used trick is to create a subfunction that will check whether we are running octave, and use it as condition to run selected block of code that are incompatible. Due to the persistent variable it can be called repeatedly without a heavy performance hit.
 
 
 
{{Code|use and creation of is_octave()|<syntaxhighlight lang="matlab">
 
function foo
 
  %% fancy code that works in both
 
  if (is_octave)
 
    %% use octave super_powers
 
  else
 
    %% do it matlab way
 
  end
 
  %% fancy code that works in both
 
end
 
 
%% subfunction that checks if we are in octave
 
function r = is_octave ()
 
  persistent x;
 
  if (isempty (x))
 
    x = exist ('OCTAVE_VERSION', 'builtin');
 
  end
 
  r = x;
 
end</syntaxhighlight>}}
 
 
 
 
 
== Calling an internal octave function (even though you shouldn't) ==
 
 
 
Octave internal functions start with underscores (ie __delaunayn__ ). Normally, user programs
 
shouldn't call these, but sometimes, for testing, you may want to do that. The problem is
 
that matlab can't accept function names with underscores. The trick is to use feval
 
 
 
{{Code|code with underscores|<syntaxhighlight lang="matlab">
 
if isoctave ()
 
  T = feval('__delaunayn__', opts)
 
else
 
%  matlab code here
 
end
 
% Code to check the results are compatible</syntaxhighlight>}}
 

Latest revision as of 01:33, 21 January 2021