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Octave for Debian systems

4,786 bytes added, 20 April
Add "texlive-generic-recommended" to packages for Ubuntu 18.10
For Debian, and Debian -based distributions such as Ubuntu, specific solutions.
== Pre-compiled binaries ==
=== Octave's Personal Package Archive (PPA) for Ubuntu ===
For some Ubuntu releases the octave Octave packages are too old (Ubuntu 12.04 only has Octave version 3.2). The [https://launchpad.net/~octave GNU Octave Team] on Launchpad maintains a PPA providing more up to date packages of Octave for all versions of Ubuntu. These are backported from Debian unstable (the Ubuntu Octave Team needs help testing and preparing the packages so if you can help with this, contact [[User:Mtmiller|Mike Miller]]). To set up your system to install these packages:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install octave
 
=== Linuxbrew ===
 
: ''See [[Octave for GNU/Linux#Linuxbrew]]''
== Compiling from source ==
The ''only'' tricky part is to install the dependencies. Once that is solved, installing from source should be as easy as {{Codeline|./configure && make && make install}}. See the manual for the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Running-Configure-and-Make.html configure options]. A common difficulty is to get and [[https://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Compiling-Octave-with-64_002dbit-Indexing.html 64-bit supportOctave_for_Debian_systems#Configuration|below], which requires the linked libraries to support 64-bit variables. You can omit most of these except BLAS which gives a fatal error. This can be remedied by compiling [http://www.openblas.net/ OpenBLAS] with edits to Makefile.rule so that BINARY=64 INTERFACE64=1. Then <code>./configure LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/OpenBLAS/lib CPPFLAGS=-I/opt/OpenBLAS/include LDFLAGS=-L/opt/OpenBLAS/lib --enable-64 && make && make install</code>for some common examples.
=== Install dependencies ===
==== The right way ====
The right way is to select and install all the dependencies as listed in the {{Path|INSTALL.OCTAVE}} file(if it is not in your source tree build it doing <code>make INSTALL.OCTAVE</code>). The following are their package names in Debian repositories (they will have their own dependencies which your package manager will solve automatically). If you are building development versions, you'll require some more packages as listed on {{Path|etc/HACKING.md}} and {{Path|INSTALL}}. Many of them will already be installed on your system. Install the dependencies by typing
sudo apt-get install
:{| class="wikitable"
|-
! Dependency !! Debian 8 Jessie (stable) !! Ubuntu 1416.04 Trusty Tahr Xenial Xerus (LTS)
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | Required build tools
| C compiler
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gcc gcc]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/gcc gcc]
|-
| C++ compiler
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/g++ g++]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/g++ g++]
|-
| Fortran compiler
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gfortran gfortran]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/gfortran gfortran]
|-
| GNU make
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/make make]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/make make]
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;"| Required external packages
| BLAS
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libblas-dev libblas-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libblas-dev libblas-dev]
|-
| LAPACK
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/liblapack-dev liblapack-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/liblapack-dev liblapack-dev]
|-
| PCRE
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libpcre3-dev libpcre3-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libpcre3-dev libpcre3-dev]
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;"| ''Strongly'' recommended. Check the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/External-Packages.html Octave manual] for more information.
| ARPACK
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libarpack2-dev libarpack2-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libarpack2-dev libarpack2-dev]
|-
| cURL
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libcurl4-gnutls-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libcurl4-gnutls-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev]
|-
| epstool
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/epstool epstool]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/epstool epstool]
|-
| FFTW3
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfftw3-dev libfftw3-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libfftw3-dev libfftw3-dev]
|-
| fig2dev
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/transfig transfig]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/transfig transfig]
|-
| FLTK
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfltk1.3-dev libfltk1.3-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libfltk1.3-dev libfltk1.3-dev]
|-
| fontconfig
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfontconfig1-dev libfontconfig1-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libfontconfig1-dev libfontconfig1-dev]
|-
| FreeType
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfreetype6-dev libfreetype6-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libfreetype6-dev libfreetype6-dev]
|-
| gl2ps
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps-dev]
|-
| GLPK
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libglpk-dev libglpk-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libglpk-dev libglpk-dev]
|-
| GNU Readline
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libreadline-dev libreadline-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libreadline-dev libreadline-dev]
|-
| gnuplot
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gnuplot gnuplot]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/gnuplot gnuplot-x11]
|-
| GraphicsMagick++
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libgraphicsmagick++1-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libgraphicsmagick++1-dev]
|-
| HDF5
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libhdf5-serial-dev libhdf5-serial-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libhdf5-serial-dev libhdf5-serial-dev]
|-
| Java JDK
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/openjdk-7-jdk openjdk-7-jdk]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/openjdk-78-jdk openjdk-78-jdk]
|-
| libsndfile
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libsndfile1-dev libsndfile1-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libsndfile1-dev libsndfile1-dev]
|-
| LLVM
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/llvm-dev llvm-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/llvm-dev llvm-dev]
|-
| lpr
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/lpr lpr]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/lpr lpr]
|-
| makeinfo
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/texinfo texinfo]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/texinfo texinfo]
|-
| OpenGL
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-dev]
|-
| OSMesa
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libosmesa6-dev libosmesa6-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libosmesa6-dev libosmesa6-dev]
|-
| pstoedit
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/pstoedit pstoedit]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/pstoedit pstoedit]
|-
| PortAudio
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/portaudio19-dev portaudio19-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/portaudio19-dev portaudio19-dev]
|-
| Qhull
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqhull-dev libqhull-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqhull-dev libqhull-dev]
|-
| QRUPDATE
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqrupdate-dev libqrupdate-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqrupdate-dev libqrupdate-dev]
|-
| QScintilla
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqscintilla2-dev libqscintilla2-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqscintilla2-dev libqscintilla2-dev]
|-
| Qt
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqt4-opengl-dev libqt4-opengl-dev]
||
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqt4-dev libqt4-dev][http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqtcore4 libqtcore4][http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqtwebkit4 libqtwebkit4][http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqt4-network libqt4-network][http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libqtgui4 libqtgui4][http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqt4-opengl-dev libqt4-opengl-dev]
|-
| SuiteSparse
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libsuitesparse-dev libsuitesparse-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libsuitesparse-dev libsuitesparse-dev]
|-
| Texlive
| Xft
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libxft-dev libxft-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial3/libxft-dev libxft-dev]
|-
| zlib
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/zlib1g-dev zlib1g-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/zlib1g-dev zlib1g-dev]
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;"| Required to build from development sources
| Autoconf
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/autoconf autoconf]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/autoconf autoconf]
|-
| Automake
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/automake automake]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/automake automake]
|-
| Bison
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/bison bison]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/bison bison]
|-
| Flex
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/flex flex]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/flex flex]
|-
| gperf
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gperf gperf]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/gperf gperf]
|-
| gzip
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gzip gzip]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/gzip gzip]
|-
| icoutils
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/icoutils icoutils]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/icoutils icoutils]
|-
| rsvg-convert
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/librsvg2-bin librsvg2-bin]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/librsvg2-bin librsvg2-bin]
|-
| libtool
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libtool libtool]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/libtool libtool]
|-
| perl
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/perl perl]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/perl perl]
|-
| rsync
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/rsync rsync]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/rsync rsync]
|-
| tar
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/tar tar]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/trustyxenial/tar tar]
|}
 
To install all of these on Ubuntu 16.04, type
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar
 
 
To install all of these on Ubuntu 18.10, type (Needs more testing)
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive texlive-generic-recommended libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar qtbase5-dev qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libqscintilla2-qt5-dev
 
or, for Debian 8 stable,
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-7-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar
or, for Debian 9 stable,
sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libjack-jackd2-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar
{{Warning|<ul><li>The Debian repositoriy has several libraries for dealing with HDF data files. The recommended is {{Codeline|libhdf5-serial-dev}}. However, the {{Forge|msh|msh package}} requires [http://www.geuz.org/gmsh/ gmsh] which is incompatible with it.</li>
<li>The GraphicsMagick++ library (libgraphicsmagick++1-dev) on the Debian repositories was compiled with quantum 8 which limits reading images to 8 bit. The solution is to recompile [[GraphicsMagick]] with quantum 16 or 32 before building Octave.</li><li>For debian9 using openjdk-9-jdk (even providing {{Codeline|JAVA_HOME}}) could *not* be used for the java interface! Use openjdk-8-jdk instead.</li><li>When configure decides to use QT5 instead of QT4, make might fail because lrelease is missing (see [https://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?50580 bug 50580]). It can be fixed by installing {{Codeline|qttools5-dev-tools}}</li></ul>}} === Obtaining the Source === The source code for Octave releases can be obtained as a tarball from [https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/ https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/]. The source code for development versions is available by cloning the [[Mercurial|mercurial repository]]. === Bootstrap === If you are building development versions instead of an actual Octave release, you will need to run the {{Codeline|./bootstrap}} script.
=== Configuration ===
==== HDF5 issue ====As mentioned above, Octave can be compiled with the default settings using {{Codeline|./configure && make && make install}}. You can also tweak the setup using configure options. Some examples are given below for a Linux system.
With ==== 64 bit ==== To get [https://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Compiling-Octave-with-64_002dbit-Indexing.html 64-bit] indexing requires all linked libraries to support 64-bit variables. You can omit most of these except BLAS which gives a fatal error. This is remedied by compiling [http://www.openblas.net/ OpenBLAS] with edits to its Makefile.rule so that BINARY=64 INTERFACE64=1. <code>./configure LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/OpenBLAS/lib CPPFLAGS=-I/opt/OpenBLAS/include LDFLAGS=-L/opt/OpenBLAS/lib --enable-64</code> ==== Java ==== Autodetection for java should work well on Debian-based systems. A specific Java version can be specified by passing {{codeline|JAVA_HOME}} to configure, for example  ./configure JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64 ==== HDF5 ==== On current versions of Debian versions and Ubuntu, you may get the following warning when building an older version of Octave from source:
HDF5 library not found. Octave will not be able to save or load HDF5 data files.
The problem is that there are multiple versions of the hdf5 package. Octave was written with the serial version in mind but it is likely to work with the others (OpenMPI and Mpich). Due to the naming scheme done in Debian, it is may be required to specify the location of the libraries. See bug {{bug|38928}} for details (starting with comment #19) but basically, use the following when running configure:  ./configure --with-hdf5-includedir=/usr/include/hdf5/serial --with-hdf5-libdir=/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/hdf5/serial On older versions of Debian and Ubuntu, where only one flavor of the HDF5 library could be installed at a time, you may need to build Octave against one of the MPI-enabled flavors. On these older systems, configuring Octave like this may work:
./configure CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/include/hdf5/serial LDFLAGS=mpi -L/usr/lib/$(dpkg-architecture DMPICH_SKIP_MPICXX -qDEB_HOST_MULTIARCH)/hdf5/serialDOMPI_SKIP_MPICXX"
[[Category:Building]]
[[Category:Installation]]
[[Category:DebianGNU/Linux]]
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