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<div style="float: right; margin: 0 3em">[[File:Octave-interval.png|center]]</div>The GNU Octave interval package for real-valued interval arithmetic.
+
The GNU Octave interval package for real-valued [https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Interval_arithmetic interval arithmetic].
 +
* Intervals are closed, connected subsets of the real numbers. Intervals may be unbound (in either or both directions) or empty. In special cases <code>+inf</code> and <code>-inf</code> are used to denote boundaries of unbound intervals, but any member of the interval is a finite real number.
 +
* Classical functions are extended to interval functions as follows: The result of function f evaluated on interval x is an interval '''enclosure of all possible values''' of f over x where the function is defined. Most interval arithmetic functions in this package manage to produce a very accurate such enclosure.
 +
* The result of an interval arithmetic function is an interval in general. It might happen, that the mathematical range of a function consist of several intervals, but their union will be returned, e. g., 1 / [-1, 1] = [Entire].  
   −
[[File:Interval-sombrero.png|280px|thumb|right|Plotting the interval enclosure of a function]]  
+
__TOC__
 +
[[File:Interval-sombrero.png|280px|thumb|left|Example: Plotting the interval enclosure of a function]]
 +
<div style="clear:left"></div>
    
== Distribution ==
 
== Distribution ==
* [http://octave.sourceforge.net/interval/index.html Latest version at Octave Forge]
+
* [https://octave.sourceforge.io/interval/ Latest version at Octave Forge]
 
** <code>pkg install -forge interval</code>
 
** <code>pkg install -forge interval</code>
** [http://octave.sourceforge.net/interval/overview.html function reference]
+
** [https://octave.sourceforge.io/interval/overview.html function reference]
** [http://octave.sourceforge.net/interval/package_doc/index.html package documentation] (user manual)
+
** [https://octave.sourceforge.io/interval/package_doc/index.html package documentation] (user manual)
* [https://trac.macports.org/browser/trunk/dports/math/octave-interval MacPorts] for Mac OS X
+
'''Third-party'''
* [http://www.freshports.org/math/octave-forge-interval/ FreshPorts] for FreeBSD
+
* [https://tracker.debian.org/pkg/octave-interval Debian GNU/Linux], [https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/octave-interval Launchpad Ubuntu]
 +
* [https://aur.archlinux.org/packages/octave-interval/ archlinux user repository]
 +
* Included in [https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/windows/ official Windows installer] and installed automatically with Octave (since version 4.0.1)
 +
* [https://github.com/macports/macports-ports/tree/master/math/octave-interval/ MacPorts] for Mac OS X
 +
* [https://www.freshports.org/math/octave-forge-interval/ FreshPorts] for FreeBSD
 +
* [https://cygwin.com/cgi-bin2/package-grep.cgi?grep=octave-interval Cygwin] for Windows
 +
* [https://build.opensuse.org/package/show/science/octave-forge-interval openSUSE build service]
    
== Development status ==
 
== Development status ==
 
* Completeness
 
* Completeness
** All required functions from IEEE Std 1788-2015, IEEE standard for interval arithmetic, are implemented. The standard was approved on June 11, 2015. It will remain active for ten years.
+
** All required functions from [https://standards.ieee.org/findstds/standard/1788-2015.html IEEE Std 1788-2015], IEEE standard for interval arithmetic, are implemented. The standard was approved by IEEE-SA on June 11, 2015. It will remain active for ten years. The standard was approved by ANSI in 2016.
** In addition there are functions for interval matrix arithmetic, plotting and solvers.
+
** Also, the minimalistic standard [https://standards.ieee.org/findstds/standard/1788.1-2017.html IEEE Std 1788.1-2017], IEEE standard for interval arithmetic (simplified) is fully implemented. The standard was approved by IEEE-SA on December 6, 2017 (and published in January 2018).
 +
** In addition there are functions for interval matrix arithmetic, N-dimensional interval arrays, plotting, and solvers.
 
* Quality
 
* Quality
** Includes tests for all functions, many tests for basic functions
+
** Most arithmetic operations produce tight, correctly-rounded results. That is, the smallest possible interval with double-precision (binary64) endpoints, which encloses the exact result.
** No known bugs. The package is quite new and still has a small user base, so there might be hidden bugs. Also some advanced functions will always need more testing.
+
** Includes [https://github.com/oheim/ITF1788 large test suite] for arithmetic functions
 +
** For open bugs please refer to the [https://savannah.gnu.org/search/?words=forge+interval&type_of_search=bugs&only_group_id=1925&exact=1 bug tracker].
 +
* Performance
 +
** All elementary functions have been [https://octave.org/doc/interpreter/Vectorization-and-Faster-Code-Execution.html vectorized] and run fast on large input data.
 +
** Arithmetic is performed with the [http://www.mpfr.org/ GNU MPFR] library internally. Where possible, the optimized [http://web.archive.org/web/20170128033523/http://lipforge.ens-lyon.fr/www/crlibm/ CRlibm] library is used.
 
* Portability
 
* Portability
** Runs in GNU Octave 3.8.2 and 4.0.0
+
** Runs in GNU Octave 3.8.2
** Known to run under GNU/Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X and FreeBSD
+
** Known to run under GNU/Linux, Microsoft Windows, macOS, and FreeBSD
* Possible TODOs
+
 
** To be considered in the future: Algorithms can be migrated from the C-XSC Toolbox (C++ code) from [http://www2.math.uni-wuppertal.de/wrswt/xsc/cxsc_new.html] (nlinsys.cpp and cpzero.cpp), however these would need gradient arithmetic and complex arithmetic.
+
== Project ideas (TODOs) ==
** Interval version of <code>interp1</code>
+
* To be considered in the future: Algorithms can be migrated from the C-XSC Toolbox (C++ code) from [http://www2.math.uni-wuppertal.de/wrswt/xsc/cxsc_new.html] (nlinsys.cpp and cpzero.cpp), however these would need gradient arithmetic and complex arithmetic.
 +
* Interval version of <code>interp1</code>
 +
* Extend <code>subsasgn</code> to allow direct manipulation of inf and sup (and dec) properties.
 +
>> A = infsup ("[2, 4]");
 +
>> A.inf = infsup ("[1, 3]")
 +
A = [1, 4]
 +
>> A.inf = 5
 +
A = [Empty]
 +
:* While at it, also allow multiple subscripts in <code>subsasgn</code>
 +
>> A(:)(2:4)(2) = 42; # equivalent to A(3) = 42
 +
>> A.inf(3) = 42; # also  A(3).inf = 42
 +
>> A.inf.inf = 42 # should produce error?
 +
>> A.inf.sup = 42 # should produce error?
 +
* Tight Enclosure of Matrix Multiplication with Level 3 BLAS [http://kam.mff.cuni.cz/conferences/swim2015/abstracts/ozaki.pdf] [http://kam.mff.cuni.cz/conferences/swim2015/slides/ozaki.pdf]
 +
* Verified Convex Hull for Inexact Data [http://kam.mff.cuni.cz/conferences/swim2015/abstracts/ohta.pdf] [http://kam.mff.cuni.cz/conferences/swim2015/slides/ohta.pdf]
 +
* Implement user-controllable output from the interval standard (e. g. via printf functions):
 +
a) It should be possible to specify the preferred overall field width (the length of s).
 +
b) It should be possible to specify how Empty, Entire and NaI are output,
 +
    e.g., whether lower or upper case, and whether Entire becomes [Entire] or [-Inf, Inf].
 +
c) For l and u, it should be possible to specify the field width,
 +
    and the number of digits after the point or the number of significant digits.
 +
    (partly this is already implemented by output_precision (...) / `format long` / `format short`)
 +
d) It should be possible to output the bounds of an interval without punctuation,
 +
    e.g., 1.234 2.345 instead of [1.234, 2.345]. For instance, this might be a
 +
    convenient way to write intervals to a file for use by another application.
    
== Compatibility ==
 
== Compatibility ==
The interval package's main goal is to be compliant with IEEE Std 1788-2015, so it is compatible with other standard-conforming implementations (on the set of operations described by the standard document).
+
The interval package's main goal is to be compliant with IEEE Std 1788-2015, so it is compatible with other standard-conforming implementations (on the set of operations described by the standard document). Other implementations, which are known to aim for standard conformance are:
 +
 
 +
* [https://github.com/JuliaIntervals/IntervalArithmetic.jl IntervalArithmetic.jl package] (Julia)
 +
* [https://github.com/jinterval/jinterval JInterval library] (Java)
 +
* [https://github.com/nadezhin/libieeep1788 ieeep1788 library] (C++) created by Marco Nehmeier, later forked by Dmitry Nadezhin
    
=== Octave Forge simp package ===
 
=== Octave Forge simp package ===
Line 43: Line 87:  
* Basic operations can be found in both packages, but the availability of special functions depends
 
* Basic operations can be found in both packages, but the availability of special functions depends
   −
{{Code|In GNU Octave the interval package can also be run alongside INTLAB.|<syntaxhighlight lang="octave">
+
 
# INTLAB intervals
+
<div style="display:flex; align-items: flex-start">
A1 = infsup (2, 3);
+
<div style="margin-right: 2em">
B1 = hull (-4, A1);
+
{{Code|Computation with this interval package|<syntaxhighlight lang="octave">
C1 = midrad (0, 2);
+
pkg load interval
# Interval package intervals
+
A1 = infsup (2, 3);
pkg load interval
+
B1 = hull (-4, A2);
A2 = infsup (2, 3);
+
C1 = midrad (0, 2);
B2 = hull (-4, A2);
+
 
C2 = midrad (0, 2);
+
A1 + B1 * C1
pkg unload interval
+
</syntaxhighlight>
+
}}
# Computation with INTLAB
+
</div><div>
A1 + B1 * C1
+
{{Code|Computation with INTLAB|<syntaxhighlight lang="octave">
# Computation without INTLAB
+
startintlab
A2 + B2 * C2
+
A2 = infsup (2, 3);
 +
B2 = hull (-4, A2);
 +
C2 = midrad (0, 2);
 +
 
 +
A2 + B2 * C2
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
</syntaxhighlight>
 
}}
 
}}
 +
</div>
 +
</div>
    
==== Known differences ====
 
==== Known differences ====
 +
Simple programs written for INTLAB should run without modification with this interval package. The following table lists common functions that use a different name in INTLAB.
 
{|
 
{|
 
! interval package
 
! interval package
Line 81: Line 132:  
| isempty (x)
 
| isempty (x)
 
| isnan (x)
 
| isnan (x)
 +
|-
 +
| disjoint (a, b)
 +
| emptyintersect (a, b)
 +
|-
 +
| hdist (a, b)
 +
| qdist (a, b)
 +
|-
 +
| disp (x)
 +
| disp2str (x)
 +
|-
 +
| infsup (s)
 +
| str2intval (s)
 +
|-
 +
| isa (x, "infsup")
 +
| isintval (x)
 
|}
 
|}
   −
== Similar software ==
+
== Developer Information ==
 +
=== Source Code Repository ===
 +
https://sourceforge.net/p/octave/interval/ci/default/tree/
   −
For C++ there is an interval library [https://github.com/nehmeier/libieeep1788/ libieeep1788] by Marco Nehmeier (member of IEEE P1788). It aims to be standard compliant with IEEE Std 1788-2015 and is designed in a modular way, supporting several interval data types and different flavors of interval arithmetic [http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GOa9aWAZO_Q]. The GNU Octave interval package shares several unit tests with libieeep1788.
+
=== Dependencies ===
 +
apt-get install liboctave-dev mercurial make automake libmpfr-dev
 +
 
 +
=== Build ===
 +
The repository contains a Makefile which controls the build process. Some common targets are:
 +
* <code>make release</code> Create a release tarball and the HTML documentation for [[Octave Forge]] (takes a while).
 +
* <code>make check</code> Run the full test-suite to verify that code changes didn't break anything (takes a while).
 +
* <code>make run</code> Quickly start Octave with minimal recompilation and functions loaded from the workspace (for interactive testing of code changes).
 +
 
 +
'''Build dependencies'''
 +
<code>apt-get install libmpfr-dev autoconf automake inkscape zopfli</code>
 +
 
 +
=== Architecture ===
 +
 
 +
In a nutshell the package provides two new data types to users: bare intervals and decorated intervals. The data types are implemented as:
 +
* class <code>infsup</code> (bare interval) with attributes <code>inf</code> (lower interval boundary) and <code>sup</code> (upper interval boundary)
 +
* class <code>infsupdec</code> (decorated interval) which extends the former and adds attribute <code>dec</code> (interval decoration).
 +
 
 +
Almost all functions in the package are implemented as methods of these classes, e. g. <code>@infsup/sin</code> implements the sine function for bare intervals. Most code is kept in m-files. Arithmetic operations that require correctly-rounded results are implemented in oct-files (C++ code), these are used internally by the m-files of the package. The source code is organized as follows:
 +
 
 +
+- doc/                        – package manual
 +
+- inst/
 +
|  +- @infsup/
 +
|  |  +- infsup.m            – class constructor for bare intervals
 +
|  |  +- sin.m              – sine function for bare intervals (uses mpfr_function_d internally)
 +
|  |  `- ...                – further functions on bare intervals
 +
|  +- @infsupdec/
 +
|  |  +- infsupdec.m        – class constructor for decorated intervals
 +
|  |  +- sin.m              – sine function for decorated intervals (uses @infsup/sin internally)
 +
|  |  `- ...                – further functions on decorated intervals
 +
|  `- ...                    – a few global functions that don't operate on intervals
 +
`- src/
 +
    +- mpfr_function_d.cc      – computes various arithmetic functions correctly rounded (using MPFR)
 +
    `- ...                    – other oct-file sources
 +
 
 +
=== Best practices ===
 +
==== Parameter checking ====
 +
* All methods must check <code>nargin</code> and call <code>print_usage</code> if the number of parameters is wrong. This prevents simple errors by the user.
 +
* Methods with more than 1 parameter must convert non-interval parameters to intervals using the class constructor. This allows the user to mix non-interval parameters with interval parameters and the function treats any inputs as intervals. Invalid values will be handled by the class constructors.
 +
if (not (isa (x, "infsup")))
 +
  x = infsup (x);
 +
endif
 +
if (not (isa (y, "infsup")))
 +
  y = infsup (y);
 +
endif
 +
 
 +
if (not (isa (x, "infsupdec")))
 +
  x = infsupdec (x);
 +
endif
 +
if (not (isa (y, "infsupdec")))
 +
  y = infsupdec (y);
 +
endif
 +
 
 +
==== Use of Octave functions ====
 +
Octave functions may be used as long as they don't introduce arithmetic errors. For example, the ceil function can be used safely since it is exact on binary64 numbers.
 +
function x = ceil (x)
 +
  ... parameter checking ...
 +
  x.inf = ceil (x.inf);
 +
  x.sup = ceil (x.sup);
 +
endfunction
 +
 
 +
If Octave functions would introduce arithmetic/rounding errors, there are interfaces to MPFR (<code>mpfr_function_d</code>) and crlibm (<code>crlibm_function</code>), which can produce guaranteed boundaries.
 +
 
 +
==== Vectorization & Indexing ====
 +
All functions should be implemented using vectorization and indexing. This is very important for performance on large data. For example, consider the plus function. It computes lower and upper boundaries of the result (x.inf, y.inf, x.sup, y.sup may be vectors or matrices) and then uses an indexing expression to adjust values where empty intervals would have produces problematic values.
 +
function x = plus (x, y)
 +
  ... parameter checking ...
 +
  l = mpfr_function_d ('plus', -inf, x.inf, y.inf);
 +
  u = mpfr_function_d ('plus', +inf, x.sup, y.sup);
 +
 +
  emptyresult = isempty (x) | isempty (y);
 +
  l(emptyresult) = inf;
 +
  u(emptyresult) = -inf;
 +
  …
 +
endfunction
 +
 
 +
== VERSOFT ==
 +
The [http://uivtx.cs.cas.cz/~rohn/matlab/ VERSOFT] software package (by Jiří Rohn) has been released under a free software license (Expat license) and algorithms may be migrated into the interval package.
 +
 
 +
{|
 +
! Function
 +
! Status
 +
! Information
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real (or complex) data only: Matrices
 +
|-
 +
|verbasis
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code>
 +
|-
 +
|vercondnum
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">versingval</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verdet
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verdistsing
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">versingval</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verfullcolrank
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code>verpinv</code>
 +
|-
 +
|vernorm2
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">versingval</code>
 +
|-
 +
|vernull (experimental)
 +
| unknown
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verlsq</code>; todo: compare with local function inside <code style="color:green">verintlinineqs</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verorth
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verbasis</code> and <code style="color:red">verthinsvd</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verorthproj
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verpinv</code> and <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verpd
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code>isspd</code> (by Rump, to be checked) and <code style="color:red">vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verpinv
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| dependency <code>verifylss</code> is implemented as <code>mldivide</code>; depends on <code style="color:red">verthinsvd</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verpmat
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verregsing</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verrank
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">versingval</code> and <code style="color:red">verbasis</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verrref
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code> and <code style="color:red">verpinv</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real (or complex) data only: Matrices: Eigenvalues and singular values
 +
|-
 +
|vereig
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on proprietary <code>verifyeig</code> function from INTLAB, depends on complex interval arithmetic
 +
|-
 +
|<s>vereigback</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated (for real eigenvalues)
 +
| dependency <code>norm</code> is already implemented
 +
|-
 +
|verspectrad
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| main part implemented in <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real (or complex) data only: Matrices: Decompositions
 +
|-
 +
|verpoldec
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verthinsvd</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verrankdec
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code> and <code style="color:red">verpinv</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verspectdec
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| main part implemented in <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verthinsvd
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| implemented in <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real (or complex) data only: Matrix functions
 +
|-
 +
|vermatfun
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| main part implemented in <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real data only: Linear systems (rectangular)
 +
|-
 +
|<s>verlinineqnn</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated
 +
| use <code>glpk</code> as a replacement for <code>linprog</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verlinsys
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| dependency <code>verifylss</code> is implemented as <code>mldivide</code>; depends on <code style="color:red">verpinv</code>, <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code>, and <code style="color:red">verbasis</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verlsq
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verpinv</code> and <code style="color:red">verfullcolrank</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real data only: Optimization
 +
|-
 +
|verlcpall
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code>verabsvaleqnall</code>
 +
|-
 +
|<s>verlinprog</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated
 +
| use <code>glpk</code> as a replacement for <code>linprog</code>; dependency <code>verifylss</code> is implemented as <code>mldivide</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verlinprogg
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code>verfullcolrank</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verquadprog
 +
| unknown
 +
| use <code>quadprog</code> from the optim package; use <code>glpk</code> as a replacement for <code>linprog</code>; dependency <code>verifylss</code> is implemented as <code>mldivide</code>; depends on <code>isspd</code> (by Rump, to be checked, algorithm in [http://www.ti3.tuhh.de/paper/rump/Ru06c.pdf])
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real (or complex) data only: Polynomials
 +
|-
 +
|verroots
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| main part implemented in <code>vereig</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Matrices
 +
|-
 +
|verhurwstab
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verposdef</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verinverse
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code style="color:green">verintervalhull</code>, to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
|<s>verinvnonneg</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated
 +
|-
 +
|verposdef
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code>isspd</code> (by Rump, to be checked) and <code style="color:red">verregsing</code>
 +
|-
 +
|verregsing
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| dependency <code>verifylss</code> is implemented as <code>mldivide</code>; depends on <code>isspd</code> (by Rump, to be checked) and <code>verintervalhull</code>; see also [http://uivtx.cs.cas.cz/~rohn/publist/singreg.pdf]
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Matrices: Eigenvalues and singular values
 +
|-
 +
|vereigsym
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| main part implemented in <code>vereig</code>, depends on <code style="color:red">verspectrad</code>
 +
|-
 +
|vereigval
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verregsing</code>
 +
|-
 +
|<s>vereigvec</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated
 +
|-
 +
|verperrvec
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| the function is just a wrapper around <code style="color:green">vereigvec</code>?!?
 +
|-
 +
|versingval
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">vereigsym</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Matrices: Decompositions
 +
|-
 +
|verqr (experimental)
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| <code>qr</code> has already been implemented using the Gram-Schmidt process, which seems to be more accurate and faster than the Cholsky decomposition or Householder reflections used in verqr. No migration needed.
 +
|-
 +
|<s>verchol (experimental)</s>
 +
|style="color:green"| free, migrated
 +
| migrated version has been named after the standard Octave function <code>chol</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Linear systems (square)
 +
|-
 +
|verenclinthull
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
|verhullparam
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code>verintervalhull</code>, to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
|verhullpatt
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code>verhullparam</code>, to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
|verintervalhull
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Linear systems (rectangular)
 +
|-
 +
|verintlinineqs
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code style="color:green">verlinineqnn</code>
 +
|-
 +
|veroettprag
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
|-
 +
|vertolsol
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code style="color:green">verlinineqnn</code>
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Interval (or real) data: Matrix equations (rectangular)
 +
|-
 +
|vermatreqn
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
|-
 +
|colspan="3"|Real data only: Uncommon problems
 +
|-
 +
| plusminusoneset
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
|-
 +
| verabsvaleqn
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
| verabsvaleqnall
 +
|style="color:green"| free
 +
| depends on <code>verabsvaleqn</code>, see also [http://uivtx.cs.cas.cz/~rohn/publist/absvaleqnall.pdf], to be migrated
 +
|-
 +
| verbasintnpprob
 +
|style="color:red"| trapped
 +
| depends on <code style="color:red">verregsing</code>
 +
|-
 +
|}
   −
For Julia there is an evolving interval library [https://github.com/dpsanders/ValidatedNumerics.jl ValidatedNumerics.jl] by Luis Benet and David P. Sanders. It is planned to become conforming to IEEE Std 1788-2015 (or to the basic standard 1788.1) in the future.
     −
[[Category:Octave-Forge]]
+
[[Category:Octave Forge]]

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