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Octave for Debian systems

10,648 bytes added, 20 April
Add "texlive-generic-recommended" to packages for Ubuntu 18.10
For Debian, and Debian -based distributions such as Ubuntu, specific solutions.
== Pre-compiled binaries ==
sudo apt-get install octave
Aside the {{codeline|octave}} package that installs GNU Octave, other pieces of it are split over multiple packages. These are {{codeline|octave-doc}}, {{codeline|octave-info}}, and {{codeline|octave-htmldoc}} for the documentation; {{codeline|liboctave-dev}} for the octave development header files and mkoctfile, which are (required to install Octave Forge packages); and {{codeline|octave-dbg}} for the debugging symbols.
For Debian stable users, there may also be newer packages available in backports, so don't forget to check there.
=== Octave packages === Many Octave packages are also distributed by your Linux distribution. These are tested to work the best with your Octave version. For example:  sudo apt-get install octave-control octave-image octave-io octave-optim octave-signal octave-statistics === Octave's Personal Package Archive (PPA) for Ubuntu === For some Ubuntu releases the Octave packages are too old (Ubuntu 12.04 only has Octave version 3.2). The [https://launchpad.net/~octave GNU Octave Team] on Launchpad maintain maintains a Personal Package Archive (PPA) providing a binary more up to date packages of the latest stable versions of Octave for all versions of Ubuntu. These are backported from Debian unstable (the Ubuntu Octave Team needs help testing and preparing the packages so if you can help with this, contact [[User:Mtmiller|Mike Miller]]). To set up your system to install these packages:
sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install octave
 
=== Linuxbrew ===
 
: ''See [[Octave for GNU/Linux#Linuxbrew]]''
== Compiling from source ==
The ''only ''tricky'' part is to install the dependencies. Once that is solved, installing from source should be as easy as {{Codeline|./configure && make && make install}}. See the manual for the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Running-Configure-and-Make.html configure options]and [[Octave_for_Debian_systems#Configuration|below]] for some common examples=== HDF5 issue ===With new Debian versions you may get the following when building from source:
{{warning|HDF5 library not found. Octave will not be able to save or load HDF5 data files.}}=== Install dependencies ===
The problem is Note that there are multiple different Debian and Ubuntu versions of the hdf5 may have slightly different package. Octave was written with the serial version in mind names but it is likely to work with the others (OpenMPI and Mpich). Due to the naming scheme done in Debiantheir differences should be pretty small, it is required mostly limited to specify the location of the librariesversion numbers. See bug {{bug|38928}} for details but basically, use the following when running configure:
./configure CPPFLAGS=-I/usr/include/hdf5/serial LDFLAGS=-L/usr/lib/$== The easy way (dpkg-architecture -qDEB_HOST_MULTIARCHbut likely incorrect)/hdf5/serial====
=== Dependencies ==={{Note|different Debian and Ubuntu versions may have slightly different package names but their differences should be pretty small, mostly limited to This approach is ''only'' suitable if you are building from source the ''same'' version numbersthat your Linux distribution already has packaged.}}
==== The easy way (but possibly incomplete) ====
The easy way to install ''most'' of the necessary dependencies is to {{Codeline|sudo apt-get build-dep octave}}. This will install all packages necessary to build and prepare a Debian package for the octave version available on your system repositories. However:
* will install unnecessary packages related to the building of a Debian package;
* may install packages that are no longer octave dependencies.
==== The even easier way (but experimental) ====
The [http://wiki.octave.org/[MXE |MXE-octave]] package provides a way to compile Octave for different platforms. Dependencies and certain flags are handled automatically.
==== The right way ====
The best way is to select and install all the dependencies as listed in the {{Path|INSTALL.OCTAVE}} file. The following are their package names in Debian repositories (they will have their own dependencies which your package maintainer will solve automatically).
{{Warning|Debian repositories has several libraries for dealing with HDF data files. The recommended right way is to select and install all the dependencies as listed in the {{CodelinePath|libhdf5-serial-dev}}INSTALL. However, the {{Forge|msh|msh packageOCTAVE}} requires [http://www.geuz.org/gmsh/ gmsh] which file (if it is incompatible with not in your source tree build itdoing <code>make INSTALL.}}{{Warning|the GraphicsMagick++ library (libgraphicsmagick++-devOCTAVE</code>) on the . The following are their package names in Debian repositories was compiled with quantum 8 (they will have their own dependencies which limits reading images to 8 bityour package manager will solve automatically). The solution is to recompile [[GraphicsMagick]] with quantum 16 or 32 before If you are building Octavedevelopment versions, you'll require some more packages as listed on {{Path|etc/HACKING.md}}and {{NotePath|if only the native graphics toolkit INSTALL}}. Many of them will already be used, gnuplot will not be necessaryinstalled on your system. Install the dependencies by typing  sudo apt-get install followed by the package names of the table below.}}
* build tools
:<pre>g++ gcc gfortran make</pre>
* external packages
:<pre>libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev</pre>
* optional but ''strongly'' recommended. Check the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/External-Packages.html Octave manual] for more information on them. Packages marked with * are virtual packages (you'll have to pick one of the displayed versions).
:{| class="wikitable"
|-
! Dependency !! Debian 8 Jessie (stable) !! Ubuntu 1316.1004 Xenial Xerus (LTS)|-!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;" | Required build tools
|-
| ARPACK C compiler|| libarpack2-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gcc gcc]|| libarpack2-dev[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gcc gcc]
|-
| cURL C++ compiler|| libcurl4-gnutls-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/g++ g++]|| libcurl4-gnutls-dev[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/g++ g++]
|-
| epstool Fortran compiler|| epstool [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gfortran gfortran]|| epstool[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gfortran gfortran]
|-
| FFTW3 GNU make|| libfftw3-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/make make]|| libfftw3-dev[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/make make]
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;"| fig2dev || transfig || transfigRequired external packages
|-
| FLTK BLAS|| libfltk[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libblas-dev * libblas-dev]|| libfltk[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libblas-dev libblas-dev *]
|-
| fontconfig LAPACK|| libfontconfig1[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/liblapack-dev liblapack-dev]|| libfontconfig1[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/liblapack-dev liblapack-dev]
|-
| FreeType PCRE|| libfreetype6[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libpcre3-dev libpcre3-dev]|| libfreetype6[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libpcre3-dev libpcre3-dev]
|-
| gl2ps || libgl2ps!colspan="3" style="text-dev |align:center;"| libgl2ps''Strongly'' recommended. Check the [http://www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/External-devPackages.html Octave manual] for more information.
|-
| GLPK ARPACK|| libglpk[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libarpack2-dev libarpack2-dev]|| libglpk[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libarpack2-dev libarpack2-dev]
|-
| GNU Readline cURL|| libreadline[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libcurl4-gnutls-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev ]|| libreadline[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libcurl4-gnutls-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev]
|-
| gnuplot epstool|| gnuplot [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/epstool epstool]|| gnuplot[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/epstool epstool]
|-
| GraphicsMagick++ FFTW3|| libgraphicsmagick++[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfftw3-dev libfftw3-dev]|| libgraphicsmagick++[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libfftw3-dev libfftw3-dev]
|-
| HDF5 fig2dev|| libhdf5-serial-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/transfig transfig]|| libhdf5-serial-dev[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/transfig transfig]
|-
| Java JDK FLTK|| openjdk[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfltk1.3-7dev libfltk1.3-jdk dev]|| openjdk[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libfltk1.3-7dev libfltk1.3-jdkdev]
|-
| libsndfile fontconfig|| libsndfile1[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfontconfig1-dev libfontconfig1-dev]|| libsndfile1[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libfontconfig1-dev libfontconfig1-dev]
|-
| LLVM FreeType|| llvm[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libfreetype6-dev * libfreetype6-dev]|| llvm[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libfreetype6-dev libfreetype6-dev *]
|-
| lpr gl2ps|| lpr [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps-dev]|| lpr[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libgl2ps-dev libgl2ps-dev]
|-
| makeinfo GLPK|| texinfo [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libglpk-dev libglpk-dev]|| texinfo[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libglpk-dev libglpk-dev]
|-
| OpenGL GNU Readline|| libgl[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libreadline-dev * libreadline-dev]|| libgl[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libreadline-dev libreadline-dev *]
|-
| OSMesa gnuplot|| libosmesa6-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gnuplot gnuplot]|| libosmesa6[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gnuplot gnuplot-devx11]
|-
| pstoedit GraphicsMagick++|| pstoedit [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libgraphicsmagick++1-dev]|| pstoedit[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libgraphicsmagick++1-dev]
|-
| PortAudio HDF5|| portaudio19[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libhdf5-serial-dev libhdf5-serial-dev ]|| portaudio19[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libhdf5-serial-dev libhdf5-serial-dev]
|-
| Qhull Java JDK|| libqhull[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/openjdk-dev 7-jdk openjdk-7-jdk]|| libqhull[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/openjdk-8-jdk openjdk-8-devjdk]
|-
| QRUPDATE libsndfile|| libqrupdate[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libsndfile1-dev libsndfile1-dev]|| libqrupdate[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libsndfile1-dev libsndfile1-dev]
|-
| QScintilla LLVM|| libqscintilla2[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/llvm-dev llvm-dev]|| libqscintilla2[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/llvm-dev llvm-dev]
|-
| Qt lpr|| libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/lpr lpr]|| libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/lpr lpr]
|-
| SuiteSparse makeinfo|| libsuitesparse-dev [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/texinfo texinfo]|| libsuitesparse-dev[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/texinfo texinfo]
|-
| Xft OpenGL|| libxft[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-dev ]|| libxft[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libgl1-mesa-dev libgl1-mesa-dev]
|-
| zlib OSMesa|| zlib1g[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libosmesa6-dev libosmesa6-dev]|| zlib1g[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libosmesa6-dev libosmesa6-dev]
|-
| pstoedit
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/pstoedit pstoedit]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/pstoedit pstoedit]
|-
| PortAudio
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/portaudio19-dev portaudio19-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/portaudio19-dev portaudio19-dev]
|-
| Qhull
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqhull-dev libqhull-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqhull-dev libqhull-dev]
|-
| QRUPDATE
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqrupdate-dev libqrupdate-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqrupdate-dev libqrupdate-dev]
|-
| QScintilla
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqscintilla2-dev libqscintilla2-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqscintilla2-dev libqscintilla2-dev]
|-
| Qt
||
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqt4-dev libqt4-dev]
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqtcore4 libqtcore4]
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqtwebkit4 libqtwebkit4]
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqt4-network libqt4-network]
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqtgui4 libqtgui4]
[https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libqt4-opengl-dev libqt4-opengl-dev]
||
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqt4-dev libqt4-dev]
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqtcore4 libqtcore4]
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqtwebkit4 libqtwebkit4]
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqt4-network libqt4-network]
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqtgui4 libqtgui4]
[http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libqt4-opengl-dev libqt4-opengl-dev]
|-
| SuiteSparse
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libsuitesparse-dev libsuitesparse-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libsuitesparse-dev libsuitesparse-dev]
|-
| Texlive
|| texlive
|| texlive
|-
| Xft
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libxft-dev libxft-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial3/libxft-dev libxft-dev]
|-
| zlib
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/zlib1g-dev zlib1g-dev]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/zlib1g-dev zlib1g-dev]
|-
!colspan="3" style="text-align:center;"| Required to build from development sources
|-
| Autoconf
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/autoconf autoconf]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/autoconf autoconf]
|-
| Automake
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/automake automake]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/automake automake]
|-
| Bison
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/bison bison]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/bison bison]
|-
| Flex
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/flex flex]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/flex flex]
|-
| gperf
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gperf gperf]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gperf gperf]
|-
| gzip
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/gzip gzip]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/gzip gzip]
|-
| icoutils
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/icoutils icoutils]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/icoutils icoutils]
|-
| rsvg-convert
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/librsvg2-bin librsvg2-bin]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/librsvg2-bin librsvg2-bin]
|-
| libtool
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/libtool libtool]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/libtool libtool]
|-
| perl
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/perl perl]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/perl perl]
|-
| rsync
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/rsync rsync]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/rsync rsync]
|-
| tar
|| [https://packages.debian.org/jessie/tar tar]
|| [http://packages.ubuntu.com/xenial/tar tar]
|}
To install all of these on Ubuntu 16.04, type sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar  To install all of these on Ubuntu 18.10, type (Needs more testing) sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot-x11 libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive texlive-generic-recommended libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar qtbase5-dev qttools5-dev qttools5-dev-tools libqscintilla2-qt5-dev or, for Debian 8 stable, sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-7-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev lpr texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync taror, for Debian 9 stable, sudo apt-get install gcc g++ gfortran make libblas-dev liblapack-dev libpcre3-dev libarpack2-dev libcurl4-gnutls-dev epstool libfftw3-dev transfig libfltk1.3-dev libfontconfig1-dev libfreetype6-dev libgl2ps-dev libglpk-dev libreadline-dev gnuplot libgraphicsmagick++1-dev libhdf5-serial-dev openjdk-8-jdk libsndfile1-dev llvm-dev texinfo libgl1-mesa-dev libosmesa6-dev pstoedit portaudio19-dev libjack-jackd2-dev libqhull-dev libqrupdate-dev libqscintilla2-dev libqt4-dev libqtcore4 libqtwebkit4 libqt4-network libqtgui4 libqt4-opengl-dev libsuitesparse-dev texlive libxft-dev zlib1g-dev autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar {{Warning|<ul><li>The Debian repositoriy has several libraries for dealing with HDF data files. The recommended is {{Codeline|libhdf5-serial-dev}}. However, the {{Forge|msh|msh package}} requires [http://www.geuz.org/gmsh/ gmsh] which is incompatible with it.</li><li>The GraphicsMagick++ library (libgraphicsmagick++1-dev) on the Debian repositories was compiled with quantum 8 which limits reading images to 8 bit. The solution is to recompile [[GraphicsMagick]] with quantum 16 or 32 before building Octave.</li><li>For debian9 using openjdk-9-jdk (even providing {{Codeline|JAVA_HOME}}) could *not* be used for the java interface! Use openjdk-8-jdk instead.</li><li>When configure decides to use QT5 instead of QT4, make might fail because lrelease is missing (see [https://savannah.gnu.org/bugs/?50580 bug 50580]). It can be fixed by installing {{Codeline|qttools5-dev-tools}}</li></ul>}} ===Obtaining the Source = Building == The source code for Octave releases can be obtained as a tarball from [https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/ https://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/octave/]. The source code for development versions is available by cloning the [[Mercurial|mercurial repository]]. === Bootstrap === If you are building development version versions instead of an actual Octave release, you will need to run the {{Codeline|./bootstrap}} script. === Configuration === As mentioned above, Octave can be compiled with the default settings using {{Codeline|./configure && make && make install}}. You can also tweak the setup using configure options. Some examples are given below for a Linux system. ==== 64 bit ====
If you are building development versions, you'll require some more packagesas listed on {{Path|etcTo get [https:/HACKING}} and {{Path|INSTALL}}/www.gnu.org/software/octave/doc/interpreter/Compiling-Octave-with-64_002dbit-Indexing.html 64-bit] indexing requires all linked libraries to support 64-bit variables. Many You can omit most of them willalready be installed on your systemthese except BLAS which gives a fatal error. This is remedied by compiling [http://www.openblas.net/ OpenBLAS] with edits to its Makefile.rule so that BINARY=64 INTERFACE64=1.
<code>./configure LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/opt/OpenBLAS/lib CPPFLAGS=-I/opt/OpenBLAS/include LDFLAGS=== Development tools =====-L/opt/OpenBLAS/lib --enable-64</code>
<pre>autoconf automake bison flex gperf gzip icoutils librsvg2-bin libtool perl rsync tar</pre>==== Java ====
===== Extra dependencies Autodetection for the development java should work well on Debian-based systems. A specific Java version =====can be specified by passing {{codeline|JAVA_HOME}} to configure, for example
At the moment, thereare no extra dependencies to build the development version ./configure JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-openjdk-amd64
==== HDF5 ==== On current versions of Debian and Ubuntu, you may get the following warning when building an older version of Octave from source HDF5 library not found. Octave will not be able to save or load HDF5 data files. The problem is that there are multiple versions of the hdf5 package. Octave was written with the serial version in mind but it is likely to work with the others (OpenMPI and Mpich). Due to the naming scheme done in Debian, it may be required to specify the location of the libraries. See bug {{bug| class38928}} for details (starting with comment #19) but basically, use the following when running configure:  ./configure --with-hdf5-includedir=/usr/include/hdf5/serial --with-hdf5-libdir="wikitable"/usr/lib/x86_64-linux-gnu/hdf5/serial |On older versions of Debian and Ubuntu, where only one flavor of the HDF5 library could be installed at a time, you may need to build Octave against one of the MPI-enabled flavors. On these older systems, configuring Octave like this may work:! Dependency !! Debian Jessie (testing)| ./configure CPPFLAGS="-I/usr/include/mpi -DMPICH_SKIP_MPICXX -|}DOMPI_SKIP_MPICXX"
[[Category:Building]]
[[Category:Installation]]
[[Category:DebianGNU/Linux]]
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