Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
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The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
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== Arch Linux ==
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository:
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pacman -S octave
  
apt-get install octave
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== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
 
 
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave-Forge packages, usually named {{codeline|octave<pkgname>}}, e.g, {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command:
 
  
  aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
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  apt install octave
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apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
=Fedora=
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== Fedora ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
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dnf install octave
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dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
*octave
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== Gentoo ==
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
    # yum install octave-forge
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
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zypper install octave
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zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
  
=Gentoo=
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
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yum install epel-release
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yum install octave
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yum install octave-devel  # development files
  
    # emerge --sync
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If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 
and emerge Octave
 
    # emerge octave
 
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
 
  
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
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== Slackware ==
pkg -forge list
 
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 
pkg install -forge general
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
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= Distribution independent =
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
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Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
  
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
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== Docker ==
  
    yum install epel-release
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* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
    yum install octave
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* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
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docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
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== Flatpak ==
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
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* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
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== Guix ==
  
=Red Hat=
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
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== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
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"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
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* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
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brew install octave
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
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== MXE ==
  
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
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* More info: [[MXE]]
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* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
zypper in octave
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== Snap ==
  
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
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* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
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* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
=Arch Linux=
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snap install octave --beta
 
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
 
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
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= Building from source =
  
    # pacman -S octave
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: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix

Homebrew on Linux

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE

Snap

snap install octave --beta

Building from source

Main article: Building