Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

From Octave
Jump to navigation Jump to search
(→‎Distribution independent: Collect development repositories where possible.)
(39 intermediate revisions by 12 users not shown)
Line 1: Line 1:
The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
+
= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
+
The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
+
== Arch Linux ==
  
Either use {{Codeline|aptitude}} or {{Codeline|apt-get}}:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
    # aptitude install octave<version> octave<version>-doc
+
pacman -S octave
  
where {{Codeline|<version>}} must be substituted by the appropriate string.
+
== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
The Octave-Forge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All Octave-Forge packages will probably be found with the command:
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
    $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
+
apt install octave
 +
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
+
== Fedora ==
=Ubuntu 12.04=
 
The package can be obtained from the Software Center but the Octave package is old (3.2).  The most current stable version is available through a Personal Package Archive (PPA).  You will need to add the PPA to you system.  Execute the following in a terminal:
 
  
    sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
    sudo apt-get update
 
  
If you need more information on adding a repository, visit [https://launchpad.net/~octave/+archive/stable GNU Octave Stable Releases] PPA. You can now install from the Software Center or a terminal.
+
dnf install octave
 +
  dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
To install Octave with documentation execute the following in a terminal:
+
== Gentoo ==
  
    sudo apt-get install octave octave-doc octave-info octave-htmldoc
+
emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
If you want to be able to build packages from Octave Forge, you will want liboctave-dev package:
+
== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
  
    sudo apt-get install liboctave-dev
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
If you want Octave debugging symbols, use the following:
+
zypper install octave
 +
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
    sudo apt-get install octave-dbg
+
== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
=Fedora=
 
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
 
  
*octave
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
+
yum install epel-release
 +
yum install octave
 +
yum install octave-devel # development files
  
    # yum install octave-forge
+
If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
+
== Slackware ==
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
+
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
+
= Distribution independent =
  
=Gentoo=
+
Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
 
  
    # emerge sync
+
== Docker ==
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise=
+
* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
+
docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
+
== Flatpak ==
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
+
* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
+
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
+
flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
+
== Guix ==
  
=Red Hat=
+
* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
+
== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
+
"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
+
* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
+
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
+
brew install octave
  
For example, for openSUSE 12.2 you would do:
+
== MXE ==
  
    # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
+
* More info: [[MXE]]
    # zypper refresh
+
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
  
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
+
== Snap ==
  
2012-08-21: arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0 bindings which were broken before are again functional, if you have a previous version of the rpm's installed consider to update them.  
+
* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
[[Category:GNULinux]]
+
snap install octave --beta
  
=Arch Linux=
+
= Building from source =
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
+
: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
    # pacman -S octave
+
[[Category:Installation]]
 
+
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
----
 

Revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix

Homebrew on Linux

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE

Snap

snap install octave --beta

Building from source

Main article: Building