Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
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The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
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== Arch Linux ==
  
Either use {{Codeline|aptitude}} or {{Codeline|apt-get}}:
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
    # aptitude install octave<version> octave<version>-doc
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pacman -S octave
  
where {{Codeline|<version>}} must be substituted by the appropriate string.
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== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
The Octave-Forge packages are spread over many Debian packages. All Octave-Forge packages will probably be found with the command:
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
    $ aptitude search ?description\(octave-forge\)
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apt install octave
 +
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  
For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
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== Fedora ==
  
=== Troubleshooting ===
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
At Ubuntu, broken packages install may cause a <span color="red">error: `pkg' undefined</span> error, previously reported as [https://bugs.launchpad.net/ubuntu/+source/octave3.2/+bug/465005 bug 465005]:
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dnf install octave
 +
dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
...
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== Gentoo ==
Setting up octave3.2 (3.2.2-2build1) ...
 
error: `pkg' undefined near line 0 column 1
 
 
dpkg: error processing octave3.2 (--configure):
 
  subprocess installed post-installation script returned error exit status 1
 
Processing triggers for libc-bin ...
 
ldconfig deferred processing now taking place
 
Processing triggers for menu ...
 
Errors were encountered while processing:
 
  octave3.2
 
E: Sub-process /usr/bin/dpkg returned an error code (1)
 
  
Fix this by complete reinstall:
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
sudo apt-get --purge remove octave3.2
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
sudo apt-get --purge remove octave3.2-common
 
sudo apt-get install octave3.2
 
=Ubuntu 12.04=
 
The package can be obtained from the Software Center but the Octave package is old (3.2).  The most current stable version is available through a Personal Package Archive (PPA).  You will need to add the PPA to you system.  Execute the following in a terminal:
 
  
    sudo apt-add-repository ppa:octave/stable
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
    sudo apt-get update
 
  
If you need more information on adding a repository, visit [https://launchpad.net/~octave/+archive/stable GNU Octave Stable Releases] PPA. You can now install from the Software Center or a terminal.
+
zypper install octave
 +
  zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
To install Octave with documentation execute the following in a terminal:
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
  
    sudo apt-get install octave octave-doc octave-info octave-htmldoc
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
If you want to be able to build packages from Octave Forge, you will want liboctave-dev package:
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yum install epel-release
 +
yum install octave
 +
yum install octave-devel  # development files
  
    sudo apt-get install liboctave-dev
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If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
  
If you want Octave debugging symbols, use the following:
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== Slackware ==
  
    sudo apt-get install octave-dbg
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
=Fedora=
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= Distribution independent =
The packages can be installed using the yum command, they are:
 
  
*octave
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Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
*octave-devel
 
*octave-forge
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-forge}} is recommended to all users, as it provides many extra functions. {{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} and {{Codeline|octave-forge}} can be installed with the command:
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== Docker ==
  
    # yum install octave-forge
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* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
By default, yum will most likely install blas and lapack as your matrix math libraries, but ATLAS is usually much faster. If you want to install atlas with octave, use the command
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docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
    # yum install octave-forge atlas
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== Flatpak ==
  
Note that if you are using an i386-compatible processor the base atlas package is not optimized for newer hardware. If you have newer hardware, you can get even better performance with the atlas-3dnow (AMD K6 processors), atlas-sse (Pentium III or newer), or atlas-sse2 (Pentium 4 or newer).
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* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
=Gentoo=
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
 
  
    # emerge sync
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== Guix ==
    # emerge octave
 
    # emerge octave-forge (optional)
 
  
=Red Hat Enterprise=
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
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== Homebrew on Linux ==
 +
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
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"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
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* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
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brew install octave
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions, contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
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== MXE ==
  
=Red Hat=
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* More info: [[MXE]]
 +
* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
GNU Octave is included with Red Hat. If you are still using an old version of Red Hat and want a newer version of GNU Octave, your best options are to consider updating your distribution to a recent Fedora release or compile octave from source.
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== Snap ==
  
Note that RH 7.x distributions (as well as Red Hat Enterprise Linux 2.1) have included an old version of GCC (pre 3.x). It is known that GCC 2.96 (included in RH7.3) can compile GNU Octave (as of version 2.1.57), but the resulting binary will be bad. Red Hat made available RPMs for GCC 3.1-5 through http://rhn.redhat.com (those RPMs may be available on other RPM repositories).
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* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
=SUSE Linux Enterprise and openSUSE=
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snap install octave --beta
Octave 3.6.2 is included in the science repository with SLE 11 SP2 and openSUSE 11.4, 12.1, 12.2
 
  
[http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/ OBS science]
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= Building from source =
  
For example, for openSUSE 12.2 you would do:
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: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
    # zypper ar http://download.opensuse.org/repositories/science/openSUSE_12.2/ science
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[[Category:Installation]]
    # zypper refresh
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[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
    # zypper install octave octave-devel
 
 
 
for other versions change the version number in the first command accordingly.
 
 
 
2012-08-21: arpack-ng and SuiteSparse 4.0 bindings which were broken before are again functional, if you have a previous version of the rpm's installed consider to update them.
 
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
=Arch Linux=
 
 
 
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
 
 
 
    # pacman -S octave
 
 
 
[[Category:GNULinux]]
 
 
 
----
 

Latest revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions[edit]

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux[edit]

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)[edit]

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo[edit]

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise[edit]

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS[edit]

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware[edit]

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent[edit]

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker[edit]

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak[edit]

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix[edit]

Homebrew on Linux[edit]

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE[edit]

Snap[edit]

snap install octave --beta

Building from source[edit]

Main article: Building