Difference between revisions of "Octave for GNU/Linux"

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The recommended way for installing Octave and Octave-Forge packages on GNU/Linux systems
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= Distributions =
is via each distribution package installation system.
 
  
More detailed instructions follow.
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The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a [[#Distribution_independent|distribution independent]] approach described below or [[Building]] Octave from source.
  
=Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)=
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== Arch Linux ==
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
  
Simply install Octave from your distribution repository
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pacman -S octave
  
apt install octave
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== Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu) ==
  
For old versions of Ubuntu that only supply old versions of Octave, consider using Octave's PPA. For more details, see the [[Debian]] specific instructions page.
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Debian systems]]''
  
There are also Debian packages for each of the Octave Forge packages, named {{codeline|octave-<pkg>}}, for example {{codeline|octave-image}} and {{codeline|octave-statistics}} for the image processing and statistics package respectively. A complete list of them can be found with the command
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apt install octave
 
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  apt install liboctave-dev  # development files
  apt search octave-forge
 
  
=Fedora=
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== Fedora ==
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
The packages can be installed using the dnf command, they are:
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dnf install octave
 +
dnf install octave-devel  # development files
  
*octave
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== Gentoo ==
*octave-devel
 
  
{{Codeline|octave-devel}} contains the octave headers and {{Path|mkoctfile}} script and is really only needed by users who are developing code that is to be dynamically linked to octave. {{Codeline|octave}} can be installed with the command:
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emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave
  
    # dnf install octave
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== openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise ==
  
=Gentoo=
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
  
Octave is available through Gentoo's package management system, Portage:
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zypper install octave
 +
zypper install octave-devel  # development files
  
    # emerge --sync
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== Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS ==
Add USE flag 'curl' into your <code>/etc/portage/package.use</code> file to enable remote Octave-Forge packages fetching
 
sci-mathematics/octave curl
 
and emerge Octave
 
    # emerge octave
 
Since Octave ver. > 3.4.0 is able to fetch Octave-Forge packages from remote repository, packages ''octave-forge'' or ''g-octave'' are no more needed.
 
 
 
Before installing any Octave-Forge package, in Octave command prompt you must type
 
pkg -forge list
 
and then install your favourite packages. Typically, you have to start with
 
pkg install -forge general
 
 
 
=Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS=
 
  
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
 
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Red Hat Linux systems]]''
  
Octave is available for Red Hat Enterprise Linux distributions through the [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL EPEL] repository. This section applies to CentOS, Scientific Linux, and other Red Hat Enterprise rebuild distributions as well.
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yum install epel-release
 
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yum install octave
'''Method 1 - the quick way:'''
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yum install octave-devel  # development files
  
    yum install epel-release
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If the above does not work, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.
    yum install octave
 
  
'''Method 2 - if the above does not work:'''
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== Slackware ==
  
First, follow [https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL#How_can_I_use_these_extra_packages.3F these instructions] to set up your system to install packages from EPEL. For example,
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: ''Main article: [[Octave for Slackware]]''
  
    # wget <nowiki>http://url/to/latest/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm</nowiki>
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= Distribution independent =
    # yum localinstall epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
 
  
Once the EPEL repository has been enabled, you can follow the rest of the [[#Fedora|instructions for Fedora]] to install Octave using yum.
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Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist.  For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.
  
Note that EPEL intentionally does not follow new releases as closely as other distributions. Consequently, the version of Octave provided by EPEL may be several months or years out of date. There are plans for the Octave maintainers to provide support and binary RPMs for enterprise GNU/Linux distributions; contact the [mailto:maintainers@octave.org maintainers mailing list] for more information.
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== Docker ==
  
=SUSE Linux and openSUSE=
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* More info: https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave
 +
* Development: https://gitlab.com/mtmiller/docker-octave
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for openSUSE]]''
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docker pull mtmiller/octave
  
Binary packages for Octave are provided by all versions of openSUSE. It can be installed by command:
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== Flatpak ==
  
zypper in octave
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* More info: https://flathub.org/apps/details/org.octave.Octave
 +
* Development: https://github.com/flathub/org.octave.Octave
  
Latest stable version of Octave and Octave-Forge are available on Science repository. For details see [[openSUSE]] specific wiki page.
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flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave
  
=Arch Linux=
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== Guix ==
  
: ''Main article: [[Octave for Arch Linux]]''
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* More info: https://guix.gnu.org/packages/octave-5.1.0/
  
Updated Octave's version is in the extra repository. It can be installed by typing:
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== Homebrew on Linux ==
 
 
    # pacman -S octave
 
 
 
=Homebrew on Linux=
 
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
 
<div id="Linuxbrew"></div>
  
Octave is provided by the [https://brew.sh/ Homebrew] package manager, which is a cross-distribution packaging system. "Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory. This is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access.
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"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.
 
 
Homebrew can be installed with the command:
 
  
    sh -c "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Linuxbrew/install/master/install.sh)"
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* More info: https://docs.brew.sh/Homebrew-on-Linux
 +
* Development: https://formulae.brew.sh/formula/octave
  
It can be added to your shell environment and future login environments with:
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brew install octave
  
    test -d ~/.linuxbrew && eval $(~/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
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== MXE ==
    test -d /home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew && eval $(/home/linuxbrew/.linuxbrew/bin/brew shellenv)
 
    test -r ~/.bash_profile && echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.bash_profile
 
    echo "eval \$($(brew --prefix)/bin/brew shellenv)" >>~/.profile
 
  
Once set up, Octave can be installed with the command:
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* More info: [[MXE]]
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* Development: https://hg.octave.org/mxe-octave
  
    brew install octave
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== Snap ==
  
=Docker=
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* More info: https://snapcraft.io/octave
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* Development: https://github.com/octave-snap/octave-snap
  
Octave is available as a Docker container. This can be used to easily run Octave in a well-defined, minimal GNU/Linux container. It can be used as a standard interactive Octave shell or to run scripts, but it may be mostly of interest to developers for use in automated build, test, or CI environments.
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snap install octave --beta
  
    docker pull mtmiller/octave
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= Building from source =
    docker run mtmiller/octave octave --version
 
  
The image is hosted at [https://hub.docker.com/r/mtmiller/octave mtmiller/octave on Docker Hub].
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: ''Main article: [[Building]]''
  
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:Installation]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]
 
[[Category:GNU/Linux]]

Revision as of 17:43, 23 October 2019

Distributions

The recommended way for installing Octave on GNU/Linux systems is via each distribution's package installation system. If this is for some reason not possible, or the available Octave version too old, consider using a distribution independent approach described below or Building Octave from source.

Arch Linux

Main article: Octave for Arch Linux
pacman -S octave

Debian and Debian-based (such as Ubuntu)

Main article: Octave for Debian systems
apt install octave
apt install liboctave-dev  # development files

Fedora

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
dnf install octave
dnf install octave-devel  # development files

Gentoo

emerge --ask sci-mathematics/octave

openSUSE and SUSE Linux Enterprise

Main article: Octave for openSUSE
zypper install octave
zypper install octave-devel  # development files

Red Hat Enterprise/CentOS

Main article: Octave for Red Hat Linux systems
yum install epel-release
yum install octave
yum install octave-devel  # development files

If the above does not work, follow these instructions to set up your system to install packages from EPEL.

Slackware

Main article: Octave for Slackware

Distribution independent

Using a distribution independent approach is particularly useful if you have an older GNU/Linux distribution or if you do not have root access on your system. A common drawback of this approach is, that these solutions are running in some kind of sandbox. Thus limitations in the communication with the underlying system may exist. For example, executing system binaries outside the sandbox might be impossible.

Docker

docker pull mtmiller/octave

Flatpak

flatpak install flathub org.octave.Octave

Guix

Homebrew on Linux

"Homebrew on Linux" was formerly a fork known as Linuxbrew. It is possible to install the current release of Octave or the development version and any needed dependencies within your home directory.

brew install octave

MXE

Snap

snap install octave --beta

Building from source

Main article: Building